Abraham - Wikipedia
This is a story filled with great themes—the rise and fall not only of great men and women kingdom—and entering into a special covenant relationship with God. . God later passed these promises on to Abraham's son Isaac, his grandson. So that so the Lord will bring about for Abraham what God has promised. What connection between God's grace and man's deeds do you observe in Genesis. This was not Abraham's assessment of his relationship with God, nor how he thought Also consider that an imperfect man, made from the dust of the ground, .
Just consider for a moment how remarkable these words are and what a remarkable relationship they describe! Consider that a limited, physical, mortal being would be thought of by the all-powerful, immortal, all-knowing, supreme God as His dearly beloved friend.
Also consider that an imperfect man, made from the dust of the ground, would be viewed by the perfect Creator God composed of eternal spirit as one with whom He could have a warm, lasting and special friendship.
Yet the words my friend are exactly how God did consider Abraham, and his relationship with God was a true and deep friendship.
This raises some intriguing questions: God is not a respecter of persons. We too can experience that same kind of friendship with God which Abraham enjoyed. But to do this we need to first examine what it is that makes friendships what they are in order to understand how we can, like Abraham, be called the friends of God.
However, only a comparative few have ever been, or ever will become, our close friends. One of the most obvious reasons, and the first point is that of agreement. Think about it for a minute.
Our very best friends are those who agree with us on the greatest number of really important issues. We can be on friendly terms with others — that is, having pleasant and warm conversation with them, enjoy seeing them from time to time — but our closest friends are those who think like us.
Clashing minds, diverging opinions and preferences do not really make for close relationships. In the words of the old saying, birds of a feather flock together. So it was in the case of Abraham and his friendship with God.
He was in total agreement with God. Notice what God said about Abraham in Genesis Here God is talking to Isaac, and reconfirming the promises He gave to Abraham, now passed on to Isaac.
Because Abraham obeyed God and kept His commandments v. Abraham was in total agreement with God. The prophet Amos posed the rhetorical question: KJV The sense of the Hebrew text here is interesting. The sense is not simply two walking in a common direction because they agree to it, but rather two agreeing to and making an appointment to come together and from there set out on a journey to a destination together. The RSV captures this sense: RSV The context of the passage is given in the preceding verses.
In the covenant He promised to protect them and bless them. They in turn promised to obey Him and keep His laws. There was this coming together or agreement reached between Israel and God, about their plans to set out on the path to a new life in the Promised Land together. However, Israel let down their side of the agreement and veered off course.Three Men Visit Abraham
In this, Israel failed to follow the example of their forefather Abraham who: Abraham was in precise and continuing agreement with God — and that was one of the factors contributing to his friendship with God. The parallel for us as Christians is that we make an agreement with God at baptism. At baptism we covenant with Him to love Him and obey Him.
Terah, with Abram, Sarai, and Lot, then departed for Canaan, but settled in a place named Haranwhere Terah died at the age of On the way Abram told Sarai to say that she was his sister, so that the Egyptians would not kill him. God afflicted Pharaoh and his household with plagues, which led Pharaoh to try to find out what was wrong.
Abraham and Lot's conflict When they came back to the Bethel and Hai area, Abram's and Lot's sizable herds occupied the same pastures. This became a problem for the herdsmen who were assigned to each family's cattle.
The First Covenant
The conflicts between herdsmen had become so troublesome that Abram suggested that Lot choose a separate area, either on the left hand or on the right hand, that there be no conflict amongst brethren. Lot chose to go eastward to the plain of Jordan where the land was well watered everywhere as far as Zoar, and he dwelled in the cities of the plain toward Sodom. Abram went south to Hebron and settled in the plain of Mamrewhere he built another altar to worship God. Battle of Siddim Meeting of Abraham and Melchizedek painting c.
The Elamite army came to collect the spoils of war, after having just defeated the king of Sodom's armies. Once Abram received this news, he immediately assembled trained servants. Abram's force headed north in pursuit of the Elamite army, who were already worn down from the Battle of Siddim. When they caught up with them at DanAbram devised a battle plan by splitting his group into more than one unit, and launched a night raid. Not only were they able to free the captives, Abram's unit chased and slaughtered the Elamite King Chedorlaomer at Hobah, just north of Damascus.
They freed Lot, as well as his household and possessions, and recovered all of the goods from Sodom that had been taken. Abram then gave Melchizedek a tenth of everything. The king of Sodom then offered to let Abram keep all the possessions if he would merely return his people. Abram refused any deal from the king of Sodom, other than the share to which his allies were entitled.
Covenant of the pieces The voice of the Lord came to Abram in a vision and repeated the promise of the land and descendants as numerous as the stars. Abram and God made a covenant ceremony, and God told of the future bondage of Israel in Egypt.
BBC - Religions - Judaism: The First Covenant
God described to Abram the land that his offspring would claim: Abram and Sarai tried to make sense of how he would become a progenitor of nations, because after 10 years of living in Canaan, no child had been born. Sarai then offered her Egyptian handmaiden, Hagarto Abram with the intention that she would bear him a son.
After Hagar found she was pregnant, she began to despise her mistress, Sarai. Sarai responded by mistreating Hagar, and Hagar fled into the wilderness. An angel spoke with Hagar at the fountain on the way to Shur. He instructed her to return to the camp of Abram, and that her son would be "a wild ass of a man; his hand shall be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the face of all his brethren.
Hagar then called God who spoke to her " El-roi ", "Thou God seest me: From that day onward, the well was called Beer-lahai-roi, "The well of him that liveth and seeth me. She then did as she was instructed by returning to her mistress in order to have her child.
Abram was 86 years of age when Ishmael was born. He looked up and saw three men in the presence of God. Then he ran and bowed to the ground to welcome them. They seem to be an almost impossible set of promises for God to keep. But the amazing fact about Abram is that he does what he is asked.
There are no signs or miracles; he has no scriptures or traditions on which to draw, so Abram has to place his trust in this nameless God. Consequently, Abram has gone down in history as a man of tremendous faith.
BBC - Religions - Judaism: Abraham
As a result of his obedience, God changes his name to Abraham, meaning 'father of the people'. The ultimate test of Abraham's obedience, however, comes in Genesis 22 when he is asked to sacrifice his son by Sarah - Isaac. God had promised that Abraham's descendents would come through Isaac, so the level of faith he displays is quite astonishing.
Abraham trusts God and takes his son, as directed, up a mountain. At the very last minute, God intervenes and spares Isaac's life by providing another animal a ram for sacrifice. The test is complete and God once more reiterates his promises to Abraham of land, descendents and a personal relationship. According to the Bible, Abraham is humanity's last chance to establish a relationship with God.
At the beginning of the Bible in the creation narratives, Adam and Eve set in train a pattern of disobedience to God's commands which takes root.