And ecuador relationship

Our Relationship | U.S. Embassy & Consulate in Ecuador

and ecuador relationship

The Republic of Ecuador and the United States of America maintained close ties based on mutual interests in maintaining democratic institutions; combating. The U.S. Mission in Ecuador is dedicated to reinforcing and developing our historic relationship through a broad, constructive agenda that advances the. This article deals with the diplomatic affairs, foreign policy and international relations of Ecuador. Ecuador is a founding member of the UN and a member of.

Ecuador is divided down the middle by the Andes mountains which include year-round snow-capped peaks and active volcanos, as well as the high mountain valleys where the capital Quito is situated. The eastern third of the country is dominated by the tropical Amazon basin while the western coastal areas range from tropical through to cloud forests as the altitude increases. Ecuador shares its border with Colombia to the north and Peru to the south and east.

The name Ecuador means equator in Spanish.

and ecuador relationship

Ecuador's population is Ninety-two per cent of Ecuadorians identify as being religious, with 80 per cent of those identifying as Catholic and 11 per cent as Christian Evangelical est. InEcuador left to become an independent country.

Political rivalry between the coast and the mountains, which emerged soon after independence, has become one of the country's defining political characteristics. Landowners from the mountain region combined with the Catholic Church to create a strong political alliance, opposed by the rapidly growing banking and agricultural particularly cocoa interests of the coast.

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Ecuador's twentieth century political history is marked by instability. The collapse of the global cocoa market in the s and the Great Depression of the s created a period of political turmoil lasting untilin which no single government completed a term in office. From topolitical order was restored as the economy improved with the benefit of the growing export of bananas.

Instability again became a feature of Ecuadorian political life in the early s, with the influence of the Cuban revolution leading to a series of military, anti-communist governments.

The military has traditionally enjoyed a high degree of independence in Ecuador and exerted considerable political control.

and ecuador relationship

Ina military government reserved petroleum exploration rights for the state. Modernisation of the state was in part paid for by the influx of petro-dollars during the boom period of the s but also by heavy foreign debt commitments. A constitutional referendum in provided the basis for a return to civilian rule the following year. Ecuador had nine presidents between andthree of whom were dismissed due to social unrest and public pressure.

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  • U.S. Department of State

Alfredo Palacio was sworn in as interim-president following a vote by Congress to dismiss his predecessor, Luis Gutierrez, in April Presidential elections were held in October with a run-off in November of the same year, which was won by current President Rafael Correa.

Correa was reelected in and Moreno's actions in office have been a departure from his party's traditional policy. He allowed private banks to work with cash, has called for reforms to protect freedom of expression and cut high-ranking civil-servant salaries. Moreno's priorities are to promote private sector investment, trim government spending and address corruption.

System of Government Ecuador is a constitutional republic headed by an elected president, with a unicameral legislature. The president is elected to a four-year term and is able to serve one consecutive term.

Bilateral Relations

The National Assembly is comprised of members who are elected in 24 provincial constituencies for a four-year period. The Constitutional Court replaced the Supreme Court as the highest court in the land under the constitution. Ecuador has also made a formal request to join Mercosur it is currently an associateand is an observer to the Pacific Alliance Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Ecuador's relationship with Colombia has steadily improved following a violation of Ecuadorian territory by Colombian government forces in Colombian government forces launched a military attack against the Colombian guerrilla group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia FARC inside the Ecuadorian border and Ecuador subsequently broke off diplomatic relations with Colombia.

Diplomatic relations were restored in June and in DecemberPresident Correa and Colombia's President Santos signed a maritime border treaty and a security cooperation agreement during the first bilateral visit by a Colombian president to Ecuador in four years. The United States is Ecuador's main trading partner. China is an important source of finance, contributing to major infrastructure projects.

Ecuador has signed loan agreements in exchange for oil with China, and has initiated the large-scale copper mining project Ecuacorriente, operated by Chinese firm ECSA.

Foreign Affairs

Chinese investments in Ecuador's energy sector are also expected to grow. Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores Ecuador - Foreign Relations Ecuador always has placed great emphasis on multilateral approaches to international problems.

Under the Correa administration, Ecuador has increased its efforts to strengthen and diversify its political and economic ties with countries in Latin American, Europe, and Asia.

The provisions of the Constitution on issues concerning foreign policy were scarce. In the Constitution international relations appeared framed within a perspective of regulation. The Constitutiondraws on a social approach and an integrationist spirit, and recovered for the State basic dimensions of sovereignty in the national interest.

The new constitution innovated by establishing the principle of universal citizenship, momentum a new system of fair trade, the commitment to integration Latin America, the free movement of citizens, equity and justice in international relations. The new Constitution states that "Ecuador is a territory of peace.

Our Relationship

It is not permitted to set up foreign military bases or facilities for military purposes. Internal development requires exercising a sovereign foreign policy an international, commercial and action oriented integration coexistent with peaceful construction and an international community based on equity.

To support the harmonious development of the country, which promotes multilateralism and negotiated agreements to contribute to the equality among States. The Constitution directs the State to link the country to the economic processes in international-economic conditions of justice and equity, both at the commercial level and in other areas of the world economy.

The new Constitution states that the State has the duty to ensure and defend the sovereignty of Ecuador, whose concept in this draft Constitution goes beyond the sovereignty and territorial boundary.

Article 4 concerns the Ecuador's right to exercise rights on the synchronous geostationary orbit, maritime areas and Antarctica. This long-running border dispute occasionally erupted into armed hostility along the undemarcated sections, with the last conflict occurring in Government, as one of the four guarantor nations the others were Argentina, Brazil and Chileplayed an important role in bringing the conflict to an end.

In addition to helping broker the peace accord, the US has been active in demining the former area of conflict and supporting welfare and economic projects in the border area. According to the agreement of Neighborhood Relations of the National Chancellery, the relationship between Ecuador and Peru is reflected in the significant results obtained from the strategies established in the National Development Plan for the Border Region. The main lines of binational action are related to the improvement of social infrastructure and promotion of private investment.

So far, they have invested about seven billion dollars in development projects in the area of the border, especially in areas such as social security, health, electrification, implementation of a permanent immigration status and the promotion of small and medium enterprises. Also highlight other projects such as demining Tiwintza; the control of illegal mining in the area of border integration and the reactivation of the joint committee on drug control.

The ongoing conflict in Colombia and security along the mile-long northern border are important issues in Ecuador's foreign relations with Colombia. The instability of border areas and frequent encroachments of Colombian guerillas into Ecuadorian territory has led the Ecuadorian army to deploy more troops to the region. Although Ecuadorian officials have stated that Colombian guerrilla activity will not be tolerated on the Ecuadorian side of the border, guerrilla bands have been known to intimidate the local population, demanding extortion payments and practicing vigilante justice.

The Correa administration is pursuing a policy known as Plan Ecuador to develop the northern border region and protect citizens from the drug threat.

A Colombian military incursion into Ecuador in March caused the Government of Ecuador to break diplomatic relations for several years. Although the Correa administration's reaction to the news of the Colombian military's operation against the FARC in Ecuadorian territory was initially cautious, the Government's position increasingly hardened after learning that the operation was not a "hot pursuit" scenario but planned in advance with the FARC bombed and attacked while sleeping, in direct contrast with what President Uribe reportedly told President Correa via telephone on March 1.

The GOE and Ecuadorian press characterized the incident a clear violation of international law and norms, and Correa has broken off diplomatic relations with Colombia. In NovemberEcuador and Colombia fully re-established diplomatic relations. Critics charge that it took six years for the government of Rafael Correa to destroy the Ecuadorian Foreign Service. During that time, ranging from 20 January until the 3 Marchthe Foreign Ministry has undergone transformation and institutional distortion more traumatic sincewhen there was the conflict with Peru and Ecuador's foreign service.

According to January datathe Foreign Ministry had people. This figure should be compared with the officials in the China and Ecuador Ecuador - China Relations The entrance en masse of Chinese oil companies into Ecuador is a potent manifestation of China's national strategy of securing direct oil contracts around the world to reduce China's reliance on oil shipped from and through hotspots such as the Persian Gulf and the Straits of Malacca.