Infant Feeding Problems - Constipation - bestwebdirectory.info
Yes, babies and mothers are hardwired for breastfeeding. "Women who are looking to increase their milk supply can go on these relentless journeys, changing their diet There are babies who will have a difficult time going back and forth . If You Want A Better Relationship In The New Year, Read This. Sometimes allergies necessitate a switch in formula, but unfortunately the new formula can also cause allergies. For instance, lactose-intolerant babies are often . Moms who breastfeed can find out how to give bottles to their babies. Changing From Breast to Bottle Feeding The weaning process, when your baby eats foods other than breast milk, begins at 6 months with solid foods. from vaccines increases, many moms decide to cut back on their nursing.”.
Most of these are minor and can be managed at home but they can be distressing for both babies and parents. If you are concerned, it is better to visit the doctor or public health nurse than to sit at home worrying. Sometimes a GP may have little experience dealing with babies. If you are not happy with the outcome of your visit it may be worth looking for a second opinion. Remember, nobody knows your baby as well as you do. Here we advise on how to cope with common feeding problems that are not too serious.
Constipation is very rare in breastfed infants as breast milk tends to have a mild laxative effect. It is more common in bottle-fed infants. It is important to be able to recognise a normal bowel habit as it is not uncommon for people to have very different ideas about what is normal!
Normal stool Breastfed babies Stools are runny or soft and stringy. They can vary in colour from yellow or mustard to orange with little white flecks that look like seeds. It can be normal for a breastfed baby to stool after every feed or as infrequently as once a week.
Bottle-fed babies Stools are usually a soft paste more formed than a breastfed babies though sometimes they can be runny. They can vary in colour, depending on the type of formula, from greyish-green to yellow, tan or brown. It can be normal for bottle-fed babies to stool from once to three times a day to once every two to three days. Babies taking solids It is normal for the stools of breast- and bottle-fed babies to change once they start on solids. The stools can vary from a paste to a formed consistency and often contain undigested food.
The colour varies depending on what is eaten. Bowel motions may be less frequent once solids have been started, especially for breast-fed babies. Note It can be normal for exclusively breastfed babies to go for 7—10 days without a bowel motion; 2—3 days without a motion can be normal for some bottle-fed babies.
Constipated stools The stools are firm, dry and pellet like. They do not soak into the nappy but are dry lumps. While constipation can often result in less frequent bowel motions compared to normal, it is the consistency or the hardness of the stool that is the most important factor in determining whether a baby is constipated or not.
Straining Straining at stool can be normal for babies but straining with crying can be a sign of constipation. It is perfectly safe to mix two different formulas together. Prepare the formulas in the usual way and then mix them together, for example, prepare ml 4 oz of each formula and mix together to give a ml 8 oz bottle. Sometimes you may need to mix a bigger volume of the old formula with a smaller volume of the new formula, for example, ml 6 oz of the old and 60 ml 2 oz of the new formula.
The volume of new formula can then be slowly increased over a few days or a week.
If a new food is the suspected culprit avoid giving it for a few weeks. There is anecdotal evidence to suggest that baby rice and bananas can be constipating. There is no scientific rationale for this and most babies who eat these foods will not experience any problems.
If a breastfed baby has developed constipation on the introduction of formula milk it may be useful to offer a combination of breast and formula feeds for a time.
Inadequate fluid intake This is the most common cause of constipation in infants. During the first 6 months of life breast milk or infant formula is the only fluid a baby needs. Babies under 6 months need approximately mls per kg per day; babies of 6 months and over need mls per kg per day. The ready reckoner below will help you to check if your baby is getting enough fluid.
Sometimes even an extra 1—2 oz fluid a day helps improve constipation. One level scoop of formula powder for every 1 fl oz or 30 mls of water gives the correct feed concentration. It is important not to use more or less than this unless it has been recommended by a dietitian.
Period dependence for mass on spring
Incorrect feed preparation If a feed is slightly over concentrated this can be a cause of constipation. When preparing infant formula the boiled water should always be added to the bottle first. Scoops should not be swapped from one type or brand of formula to another as they may not be the same size.
It is also important not to compress he powder when levelling off a scoop. This may take up to 6 weeks. A milk-free diet should only ever be started under medical and dietetic supervision. Unknown If dietary change, inadequate fluid intake and incorrect feed preparation have been excluded as causes of constipation and it continues to be a problem, some simple age-appropriate measures can be tried.
As constipation is very often only a temporary problem, you should not need to continue these measures for long. Dietary treatment for constipation Babies of up to 8 weeks - Offer 30 mls cooled boiled water once or twice a day. If this does not help, consider adding brown sugar to the formula. Babies aged 8 weeks—6 months - Offer 30—60 mls cooled boiled water twice a day e.
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It should oscillate still with three seconds. So it has farther to travel, but it's gonna be traveling faster and the amplitude does not affect the period for a mass oscillating on a spring. This is kinda crazy, but it's true and it's important to remember.
This amplitude does not affect the period. In other words, if you were to look at this on a graph, let's say you graphed this, put this thing on a graph, if we increase the amplitude, what would happen to this graph? Well, it would just stretch this way, right?
We'd have a bigger amplitude, but you can do that and there would not necessarily be any stretch this way.
If you leave everything else the same and all you do is change the amplitude, the period would remain the same. The period this way would not change. So, changes in amplitude do not affect the period. So, what does affect the period? I'd be like, alright, so the amplitude doesn't affect it, what does affect the period? Well, let me just give you the formula for it. So the formula for the period of a mass on a spring is the period here is gonna be equal to, this is for the period of a mass on a spring, turns out it's equal to two pi times the square root of the mass that's connected to the spring divided by the spring constant.
That is the same spring constant that you have in Hooke's law, so it's that spring constant there.
It's also the one you see in the energy formula for a spring, same spring constant all the way. This is the formula for the period of a mass on a spring. Now, I'm not gonna derive this because the derivations typically involve calculus.
If you know some calculus and you want to see how this is derived, check out the videos we've got on simple harmonic motion with calculus, using calculus, and you can see how this equation comes about.
But for now, I'm just gonna quote it, and we're gonna sort of just take a tour of this equation. So, the two pi, that's just a constant out front, and then you've got mass here and that should make sense. Why does increasing the mass increase the period? Look it, that's what this says. If we increase the mass, we would increase the period because we'd have a larger numerator over here.
That makes sense 'cause a larger mass means that this thing has more inertia, right. Increase the mass, this mass is gonna be more sluggish to movement, more difficult to whip around.
Period dependence for mass on spring (video) | Khan Academy
If it's a small mass, you can whip it around really easily. If it's a large mass, very mass if it's gonna be difficult to change its direction over and over, so it's gonna be harder to move because of that and it's gonna take longer to go through an entire cycle. This spring is gonna find it more difficult to pull this mass and then slow it down and then speed it back up because it's more massive, it's got more inertia.
That's why it increases the period.
Concave lenses (video) | Geometric optics | Khan Academy
That's why it takes longer. So increasing the period means it takes longer for this thing to go through a cycle, and that makes sense in terms of the mass. How about this k value? That should make sense too. If we increase the k value, look it, increasing the k would give us more spring force for the same amount of stretch. So, if we increase the k value, this force from the spring is gonna be bigger, so it can pull harder and push harder on this mass.
And so, if you exert a larger force on a mass, you can move it around more quickly, and so, larger force means you can make this mass go through a cycle more quickly and that's why increasing this k gives you a smaller period because if you can whip this mass around more quickly, it takes less time for it to go through a cycle and the period's gonna be less.
That confuses people sometimes, taking more time means it's gonna have a larger period. Sometimes, people think if this mass gets moved around faster, you should have a bigger period, but that's the opposite.
If you move this mass around faster, it's gonna take less time to move around, and the period is gonna decrease if you increase that k value. So this is what the period of a mass on a spring depends on. Note, it does not depend on amplitude. So this is important. No amplitude up here.
Change the amplitude, doesn't matter.