Comparing Governments [bestwebdirectory.info]
Democracies. Many countries today claim to be democracies, but if the citizens are not involved in government and politics, they are democratic in name only. The power of a government over its own citizens varies, depending on the degree to which it is free of limitations and restraints. . local governments may stand in a relationship to their state governments that . Chicago Manual of Style: . The relationship between the states and the federal government .. and concurrent powers are.
No two governments, past or present, are exactly the same. However, it is possible to examine the similarities and differences among political and economic systems and categorize different forms of government. One simple way to categorize governments is to divide them into democratic and authoritarian political systems. Democracies Many countries today claim to be democracies, but if the citizens are not involved in government and politics, they are democratic in name only.
Some governments are more democratic than others, but systems cannot be considered truly democratic unless the meet certain criteria: It was not until — after decades of tireless protest and campaigning — that women were granted suffrage by the ratification of the 19th Amendment. Freedom of speech, the press, and religion. Democracies in general respect these basic individual liberties.
No government allows absolute freedom, but democracies do not heavily censor newspapers and public expression of opinions. Majority rule with minority rights. In democracies, people usually accept decisions made by the majority of voters in a free election.
The relationship between the states and the federal government
However, democracies try to avoid the "tyranny of the majority" by providing ways for minorities all kinds to have their voices heard as well. Varied personal backgrounds of political leaders.
Democracies usually leave room for many different types of citizens to compete for leadership positions. In other words, presidents and legislators do not all come from a few elite families, the same part of the country, or the same social class.
The presence of elections alone is not enough to call a country a democracy. The elections must be fair and competitive, and the government or political leaders cannot control the results.
Voters must have real choices among candidates who run for public office. Democracies are not controlled by the whims of a leader, but they are governed by laws that apply to leaders and citizens equally.
Diagram of the Federal Government and American Union
Meaningful political participation by citizens. By itself, a citizen's right to vote is not a good measure of democracy.
- Forms of Government
- Three Branches of Government
- 13a. Comparing Governments
The government must respond in some way to citizen demands. If they vote, the candidate they choose must actually take office.
Three Branches of Government | Philippine Information Agency
This branch determines whether or not there has been a grave abuse of discretion amounting to lack or excess of jurisdiction on the part and instrumentality of the government. It is made up of a Supreme Court and lower courts. Each branch of government can change acts of the other branches as follows: The President can veto laws passed by Congress.
Congress confirms or rejects the President's appointments and can remove the President from office in exceptional circumstances. The Justices of the Supreme Court, who can overturn unconstitutional laws, are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
Forms of Government | Scholastic
The Philippine government seeks to act in the best interests of its citizens through this system of checks and balances. The Constitution expressly grants the Supreme Court the power of Judicial Review as the power to declare a treaty, international or executive agreement, law, presidential decree, proclamation, order, instruction, ordinance or regulation unconstitutional.
Legislative Department The Legislative Branch enacts legislation, confirms or rejects Presidential appointments, and has the authority to declare war. This branch includes Congress the Senate and House of Representatives and several agencies that provide support services to Congress.
House of Representatives — The House of Representatives shall be composed of not more than two hundred and fifty members, unless otherwise fixed by law, who shall be elected from legislative districts apportioned among the provinces, cities, and the Metropolitan Manila area in accordance with the number of their respective inhabitants, and on the basis of a uniform and progressive ratio, and those who, as provided by law, shall be elected through a party-list system of registered national, regional, and sectoral parties or organizations.
The party-list representatives shall constitute twenty per cent of the total number of representatives including those under the party list. For three consecutive terms after the ratification of this Constitution, one-half of the seats allocated to party-list representatives shall be filled, as provided by law, by selection or election from the labor, peasant, urban poor, indigenous cultural communities, women, youth, and such other sectors as may be provided by law, except the religious sector.
Executive Department The executive branch carries out and enforces laws. It includes the President, Vice President, the Cabinet, executive departments, independent agencies, and other boards, commissions, and committees.
Key roles of the executive branch include: President — The President leads the country. The President serves a six-year term and cannot be re-elected.