Five For Draupadi | Devdutt
Draupadi has been one of my favorite heroines from the Indian The assumption that Draupadi was partial towards Arjuna is scattered . What makes her most endearing to me is the special “sakhi” relationship she enjoyed with Krishna. A Stroll Through Daryaganj Sunday Book Market · 'Britt-Marie Was. Arjun, Nakul and Sahadev, too, have forgotten the pain of losing a kingdom. days, there was no specific form of address that could satisfactorily describe the relationship between Krishna and Draupadi. . There is no market at Dvaita forest. Draupadi begged of Krishna to help her out of this impending problem. However, it is also true, that Arjuna had never reciprocated the.
Upon hearing of the Pandavas' supposed death at Varnavatahe set up a Swayamvara contest for Draupadi to choose her husband from the competitive contest. There are three primary variations regarding Karna's participation. The popular rendition shows Draupadi refusing to marry Karna on account of being a Suta, other versions describe him missing the target by the "breadth of a hair", while some do not present his participation in the event clearly.
The Critical Edition of Mahabharat  compiled by Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute  has officially identified Draupadi's rejection as a later insertion and omitted it from the text.
It is ambiguous, however, whether Karna failed or didn't participate at all. Mahabharata has multiple versions and recensions spread over the Indian subcontinent. As a result, Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute undertook the Mahabharata Project  in to publish what they intend as a clean Critical Edition to aid in having uniformity among scholars.
After 60 years of extensive and exhaustive research, the first Critical Edition was published in Vishnu Sitaram SukthankarGeneral Editor of BORI published a comprehensive "Prolegomena to the Adi Parva",  to lay bare the reasons behind removal of various such popular but spurious insertions from the Critical Edition, based on documented evidence and instrinsic probability.
He disclosed Page 65 that Draupadi's rejection was found only in six relatively newer manuscripts out of ,the insertion evidently being the work of a later Vyaisaid. Mehendale published an article in journal "Annals of Bhardarkar Oriental Research Institute",  named "Interpolations in the Mahabharata", found in public domain,  where she shed more light into the matter.
She explained the improbability of such blatant rejection given the patriarchal era, when young girls had little choice in political alliances, especially in those Swayamvars or 'self-choice ceremony', where she was nothing more than "Viryasulka" or a prize to be offered to the winner of the contest.
Mehendale concludes that despite the documentary evidence provided by an authoritative source like BORI  some of these incidents are "deeply impressed" on the popular psyche and "still continue to haunt public mind".
In the end, Arjun succeeds in the task, dressed as a Brahmin. As the other attendees, including the Kauravas, protest at a Brahmin winning the competition and attack, Arjuna and Bhima protect Draupadi and are able to retreat.
When Draupadi arrives with the five Pandavas to meet Kuntithey inform her that Arjuna won alms, to which Kunti says, "Share the alms equally". This motherly command leads the five brothers to become the five husbands of Draupadi. Upon the news of Pandavas' death at Varnavrat, the title of crown prince had fallen to Duryodhana. Dhritrashtra invites the Pandavas to Hastinapur and proposes that the kingdom be divided. The Pandavas are assigned the wasteland Khandavprasthareferred to as unreclaimed desert.
With the help of KrishnaPandavas rebuilt Khandavprastha into the glorious Indraprastha. The crown jewel of the kingdom was built at the Khandava forest, where Draupadi resided in the "Palace of Illusions". Trained in economy, she took upon the responsibility of looking after the treasury of the Empire, and also ran a citizen liaison. Her duties as a busy Empress are mentioned in her famous conversation with Satyabhama, Krishna's favourite wife, during their exile.
Duryodhana and his entourage were exploring the keep during their visit to Yudhishthira's Rajasuya Yagna. While touring the grounds, an unsuspecting Duryodhana fell prey to one of the many illusions that could be seen all around the palace. When he stepped on the apparently solid part of the courtyard, there was a splash and Duryodhana found himself waist deep in water, drenched from head to foot by the hidden pool.
Draupadi and her maids saw this from the balcony and were amused. Duryodhana felt extremely insulted that Draupadi and her maids saw his embarrassing predicament. Draupadi joked Andhasya Putra Andhaha meaning 'a blind man's son is blind'.35 Arjun wins Draupadi
This famous story does not feature in Veda Vyasa's Mahabharatha. The story of 'blind man's son is blind' was the figment of imagination of much later playwright. It gained immense popularity gradually, and was repeatedly depicted in various adaptations of the epic across the length and breadth of the country.
The most popular depiction was by B. Chopra in his masterpiece Mahabharata series that aired on Doordarshan in We find several references to blindness of the characters by eminent playwright Dharmveer Bharti, in his famous play 'Andha Yuga'.
The play was published inin Hindi weekly magazine, Dharma Yuga. In Vyasa's Sanskrit epic, the scene is quite different. In the Sanskrit epic, Draupadi is not mentioned in the scene at all, either laughing or insulting Duryodhana. Nonetheless, Duryodhana felt insulted by the behavior of the four Pandavas, stoking his hatred of them. Later on, he went back to Hastinapur, and expressed his immense agony on witnessing the riches of the Pandavas to his blind father, which was the root cause for inviting his cousins for the dice-game.
His main wish was to usurp the wealth of his cousins which they had accumulated on account of the Rajasuya Yajna.
Draupadi : The Fire Princess
Known to few, during this conversation, Duryodhan mentions how he had observed Draupadi serving food to everyone, including physically challenged citizens as the Empress. He says to his father,"And, O king, Yajnaseni, without having eaten herself, daily seeth whether everybody, including even the deformed and the dwarfs, hath eaten or not.
It is here, where he fleetingly mentioned Draupadi's name, who accordingly to Duryodhan, had "joined in the laughter with other females. This laughter of Draupadi's was later on singled out and romanticized by various poets and bards for years as a symbolic cause for the dice-game, and eventually the war.
In Vyasa's Sanskrit epic, Draupadi's role in insulting Duryodhana is trivial compared to the exaggerated treatment it has received in popular adaptations. This key incident is often considered to mark a definitive moment in the story of Mahabharata.
- Bond between Krishna and Draupadi
- Draupadi – The Tale Of Polyandry That We All Felicitated But Long Forgot Only To Call It A Sin Now.
- Yudhisthira, Bhima, Arjuna and Draupadi
It is one of the driving reasons that ultimately led to the Kurukshetra war. Together with his maternal uncle ShakuniDuryodhana conspired to call on the Pandavas to Hastinapur and win their kingdoms in a game of gambling.
There is a famous folklore that the plan's architect, Shakuni had magic dice that would never disobey his will, as they were made from the bones of Shakuni's father.
This story however is non-existent in the Sanskrit epic. As the game proceeds, Yudhishthira loses everything at first. In a family which had seen such strong and driven women, it was only natural for Draupadi to feel a sense of belonging.
But for her entire life Draupadi remained an outsider to the family. Immediately after her marriage she was ordered to depart to the abandoned city of Khandavprastha and begin her new life there. Khandavprastha was a forest inhabited by Nagas and the Pandavas had to begin the process of city making by killing thousands of the Naga people.
One could say it was a fitting start to a life which was going to be filled with blood and deaths. Soon after she settled in her new palace and presided over as the queen she was invited to the palace of hastinapur alongwith her husbands where she had to face the greatest tragedy of her life. Draupadi was gambled away by her husband and disrobed in front of a full courtroom. Here begins her outrage at the society which sits mute and watches a woman being humiliated.
Draupadi - Wikipedia
Draupadi was way too modern for her times. Draupadi was born of a fire lit by vengeance and it is only apt that she herself burned in the same fire. Except her five husbands she lost everyone in the war of Kurukshetra. Her beloved sons and step-children, her father and brother and revered elders were all killed in the war.
Draupadi remains a widely talked about character from the Indian mythology. When a man had many wives, the family could have more children than a woman who had many husbands. But polyandry had benefits too — sharing a wife assured sharing of property and no division of the land.
In temples, one does see gods with many wives: This is either accepted matter-of-factly or simply explained away using metaphysics. But there are no images of the Goddess with multiple husbands. Usually her doorkeepers, such as Kala Bhairav and Gora Bhairava, are described as her sons or servants. The idea of the Goddess with more than one husband is unacceptable. Even suggesting it is blasphemous. Not surprisingly this has led to outrage and protests and calls for the book to be banned. The epic does not explicitly discuss this, but the possibility of jealously tearing the brothers apart is alluded to repeatedly.
The sage Narada warns the Pandava brothers of conflict that can destroy their fraternal bond.