Great Expectations - Wikipedia
Bentley Drummle is one of Pip's acquaintances in the book 'Great Expectations' by Charles Dickens. There is a reason why he is not a 'friend.' In this lesson, we. Get an answer for 'Why did Estella marry Drummle and not Pip in Great What is the relationship between Estella and Miss Havisham in Great Expectations?. Estella gives Pip some insight into her purpose with this discussion in chapter “Is it not true,” said I, “that Bentley Drummle is in town here, and pursuing you? is the relationship between Estella and Miss Havisham in Great Expectations?.
Estella, thanks to Miss Havisham's "training" of her. Wemmick's house in London, made out like a medieval castle, may seem like a bit of Dickens' whimsy, but in fact this was a common trend for Victorian businessmen and the only unusual element is that Wemmick has done the work himself.
Pip's infatuation with Estella. Because of her, he wants to be richer and have a better social status, causing him to become ashamed of his perfectly respectable origins, become ungrateful to his hard-working older sister who raised him even if she was abusivepatronize his childhood friend Biddy and try to "improve" Joethe nicest character in the bookso that he can meet Estella's standards.
A truckload, mostly by Pip, as a result of Estella's actions. Anguished Declaration of Love: It has no effect on Estella, but does bring on Miss Havisham's one of the most literal and redundant cases ever of What Have I Done "and again, ten, twenty, fifty times, what had she done?
Biddy spends so much time watching Pip that he pronounces her, "In theory Magwitch spends years trying to enrich Pip because Pip delivered food to him when he was on the run and starving. Of course, he didn't give the boy much choice in the matter. The deceptive and equally cruel Compeyson. He ruins Miss Havisham by pretending to love her, inheriting a lot of money from her which was his goal the entire time and then abandoning her before their supposed marriage and running away with the money.
He is also a dangerous criminal, but meets his ultimate doom when Magwitch whose life he also ruined by using him as a scapegoat to avoid being convicted of his crimes drowns him.
Herbert, Startop, and even Trabb's boy come to Pip's rescue in the last act.
Satis House used to be one of these. Humble Joe Gargery, working at his forge. Pip often wonders if he'd have been better off if he'd never heard of Estella, which would have left him content to be Joe's apprentice. Illiterate, but generous of spirit. Pip becomes this after meeting Estella Break the Cutie: Compeyson did this to Miss Havisham, who does the same with Estella. Both Pip and Estella.
A point of contention against the Revised Ending: This is undermined by having fate bring her back to him at Satis House, having just conveniently Took a Level in Kindness and ready to love him. Estella, either when she lashes out at Miss Havisham or by the ending, when she's had to live with an abusive husband. Wemmick is the no-nonsense assistant of Jaggers who spends time with his father "The Aged Parent" at a whimsical, out-of-the-way cottage in his spare time.
But for Me, It Was Tuesday: Pip is rattled when he reminds Estella of how she made him cry the day they first met, and she replies that she doesn't remember. Knowing her, she does it on purpose. Subverted — Pip gains a mysterious, wealthy benefactor and believes that it is Miss Havisham's plan to pair him up with Estella, the young woman he loves, but it turns out that his actual benefactor is the escaped convict he helped at the beginning of the story — Miss Havisham had nothing to do with it.
The book is one of the best examples of this trope, and spends a lot of time exploring and deconstructing it. Dickens is famous for having a disproportionate number of characters find out that they're related to each other or met previously, and Great Expectations is no exception: Pip meets the convict more than once, Jaggers serves as the lawyer of at least three key characters, both of the escaped convicts turn out to be entwined in the other characters' stories, and Estella's parents are both sprinkled throughout the cast.
When we first meet them, Magwitch is an escaped convict who runs into Pip while the latter is visiting his parents' graves, and Compeyson is a fellow escapee. Miss Havisham is landlady to Joe's uncle, Pumblechook, while Estella is her ward and Jaggers is a guest at her birthday party.
Molly is a maid in Jaggers' house in London. By the end of the novel, we have learned that Compeyson conspired with Miss Havisham's brother to leave her at the altar and abscond with her dowry. He and Magwitch were later arrested and convicted of circulating stolen money; Jaggers was Magwitch's lawyer in the trial.
Magwitch and Molly had a daughter together, though Molly told Magwitch she had destroyed the child. When Jaggers represented Molly in a murder trial and got her acquitted, he resolved to spare her daughter a life of poverty and suffering that he believed would end in her early death, and agreed to the request of another of his clients to adopt her; that client was Miss Havisham, and the girl was Estella. The ending only comes about because Estella and Pip, neither of whom have been to Satis House in many years, both chance to visit it at the exact same time.
That's a curious name, miss. It meant, when it was given, that whoever had this house, could want nothing else. They must have been easily satisfied in those days, I should think. When Pip and Herbert first met they get into a fistfight from which Pip emerges victorious. Estella has thawed by the final chapter. Subverted with Compeysonwho meets his end when he falls into a river and drowns after Magwitch attacks him.
The last chapter is set 11 years after the story has been wrapped up. A variant in the waters where Pip saves the old convict from the wheels of the paddle steamer. Does Not Like Men: An understatement regarding Miss Havisham.
The Ur-Example with Pip towards Estella. She tells him many times that she can't love anyone, but Pip simply cannot break free.
Once she marries Drummle - much to Pip's utter horrorEstella suffers so badly from this that her marriage ends in separation. Depending on how big the type is, editions can run from at least and at most pages.
All things considered, you could probably cut the subplots about Mr. Jagger's death masks, Orlick completely, Mr. Wopsle's acting career, and all visits to Herbert's family and par down about pages without having much affect on the plot, but you'd be missing out on some extra magic in the world Dickens has painted. Estella states at more than one point that she has no heart and has never been taught how to love.
Miss Havisham's home has not been cleaned or dusted since her aborted wedding twenty-odd years before. Two decades of cobwebs and dust cover everything.
Face Death with Dignity: Magwitch goes peacefully, knowing that he's had revenge on Compeyson and believing thanks to Pip's judicious lie that Estella grew up to be happy. Fast Forward to Reunion: The ending, where Pip and Estella meet again. The circumstances of their reunion depends on which version of the ending you read: Estella was bred to become this by Miss Havisham. Pip has brief visions of Miss Havisham's death.
Joe is physically the most powerful man for miles around and is terrified at the idea of losing his temper and becoming like his abusive father. Miss Havisham's plan to make Estella into a cold, emotionless Ice Queen works so well that she can't seem to love anyone Have a Gay Old Time: Pops up a couple of times in conversation. You'll have a gay time and be admired.
You must look forward to that. Wopsle moves to London to pursue his dream of professional acting, Pip and Herbert go to see him as the title character in a terrible production of Hamlet. The rest of the audience — particularly "a sulky man" in the front row of the gallery — heckles the players mercilessly, to Pip's embarrassment.
On his taking the recorders, — very like a little black flute that had just been played in the orchestra and handed out at the door, — he was called upon unanimously for Rule Britannia. She is often at Satis House.
Estella (Great Expectations) - Wikipedia
She is described as "a dry, brown corrugated old woman, with a small face that might have been made out of walnut shells, and a large mouth like a cat's without the whiskers. He is a lesser actor in crime with Compeyson, but gains a longer sentence in an apparent application of justice by social class.
Mr and Mrs Hubble, simple folk who think they are more important than they really are. They live in Pip's village. Mr Wopsle, clerk of the church in Pip's village. He later gives up the church work and moves to London to pursue his ambition to be an actor, adopting the stage name "Mr Waldengarver.
Biddy, Wopsle's second cousin and near Pip's age; she teaches in the evening school at her grandmother's home in Pip's village. Pip wants to learn more, so he asks her to teach him all she can. After helping Mrs Joe after the attack, Biddy opens her own school. A kind and intelligent but poor young woman, she is, like Pip and Estella, an orphan.
She acts as Estella's foil. Orlick was attracted to her, but she did not want his attentions. Pip ignores her affections for him as he pursues Estella.
Recovering from his own illness after the failed attempt to get Magwitch out of England, Pip returns to claim Biddy as his bride, arriving in the village just after she marries Joe Gargery. Biddy and Joe later have two children, one named after Pip. In the ending to the novel discarded by Dickens but revived by students of the novel's development, Estella mistakes the boy as Pip's child.
Mr Jaggers, prominent London lawyer who represents the interests of diverse clients, both criminal and civil. He represents Pip's benefactor and Miss Havisham as well. By the end of the story, his law practice links many of the characters. Wemmick lives with his father, "The Aged Parent", in a small replica of a castle, complete with a drawbridge and moat, in Walworth.
Molly, Mr Jaggers' maidservant whom Jaggers saved from the gallows for murder. She is revealed to be Magwitch's estranged wife and Estella's mother. Antagonists[ edit ] Compeyson surnamea convict who escapes the prison ship after Magwitch, who beats him up ashore.
He is Magwitch's enemy. A professional swindler, he was engaged to marry Miss Havisham, but he was in league with Arthur Havisham to defraud Miss Havisham of part of her fortune. Later he sets up Magwitch to take the fall for another swindle.
He works with the police when he learns Abel Magwitch is in London, fearing Magwitch after their first escapes years earlier. When the police boat encounters the one carrying Magwitch, the two grapple, and Compeyson drowns in the Thames. Arthur Havisham, younger half brother of Miss Havisham, who plots with Compeyson to swindle her.
Dolge Orlick, journeyman blacksmith at Joe Gargery's forge. Strong, rude and sullen, he is as churlish as Joe is gentle and kind.
He ends up in a fistfight with Joe over Mrs Gargery's taunting, and Joe easily defeats him. This sets in motion an escalating chain of events that leads him secretly to assault Mrs Gargery and to try to kill her brother Pip. The police ultimately arrest him for housebreaking. Bentley Drummle, a coarse, unintelligent young man from a wealthy noble family. Pip meets him at Mr Pocket's house, as Drummle is also to be trained in gentlemanly skills.
Drummle is hostile to Pip and everyone else. He is a rival for Estella's attentions and eventually marries her and is said to abuse her.
He dies from an accident following his mistreatment of a horse. Other characters[ edit ] Clara Barley, a very poor girl living with her gout -ridden father. She marries Herbert Pocket near the novel's end. She dislikes Pip at first because of his spendthrift ways. After she marries Herbert, they invite Pip to live with them. Miss Skiffins occasionally visits Wemmick's house and wears green gloves.
She changes those green gloves for white ones when she marries Wemmick. Startop, like Bentley Drummle, is Pip's fellow student, but unlike Drummle, he is kind. He assists Pip and Herbert in their efforts to help Magwitch escape. Charles Dickensc. His domestic life had, however, disintegrated in the late s and he had separated from his wife, Catherine Dickensand was having a secret affair with the much younger Ellen Ternan. The introduction of the Penguin English Library edition suggests that the reluctance with which Ellen Ternan became his mistress is reflected in the icy teasing of Estella in Great Expectations.
There is also a reference to a "knowing man", a possible sketch of Bentley Drummle. Wills, in which Dickens speaks of recycling an "odd idea" from the Christmas special " A House to Let " and "the pivot round which my next book shall revolve.
Dickens was pleased with the idea, calling it "such a very fine, new and grotesque idea" in a letter to Forster. In the end, the hero loses the money because it is forfeited to the Crown. In his biography of Dickens, Forster wrote that in the early idea "was the germ of Pip and Magwitch, which at first he intended to make the groundwork of a tale in the old twenty-number form.
As the idea and Dickens's ambition grew, he began writing. Dickens "called a council of war", and believed that to save the situation, "the one thing to be done was for [him] to strike in.
The magazine continued to publish Lever's novel until its completion on 23 March but it became secondary to Great Expectations.
Immediately, sales resumed, and critics responded positively, as exemplified by The Times 's praise: In late December, Dickens wrote to Mary Boyle that "Great Expectations [is] a very great success and universally liked. Pip pursues her in a frenzy, often tormenting himself to the point of utter despair.
He makes writhing, pathetic attempts to awaken some flicker of emotion in Estella, but these merely perplex her; Estella sees his devotion as irrational. Varied resolutions of Estella's relationship with Pip[ edit ] Estella and Pip. Though Estella marries Drummle in the novel and several adaptations, she does not marry him in the best-known film adaptation. However, in no version does she eventually marry Pip, at least not within the timespan of the story.
The eventual resolution of Pip's pursuit of Estella at the end of the story varies among film adaptations and even in the novel itself. Dickens' original ending is deemed by many as consistent with the thread of the novel and with Estella's allegorical position as the human manifestation of Pip's longings for social status: I was in England again—in London, and walking along Piccadilly with little Pip—when a servant came running after me to ask would I step back to a lady in a carriage who wished to speak to me.
It was a little pony carriage, which the lady was driving; and the lady and I looked sadly enough on one another. Lift up that pretty child and let me kiss it! I was very glad afterwards to have had the interview; for, in her face and in her voice, and in her touch, she gave me the assurance, that suffering had been stronger than Miss Havisham's teaching, and had given her a heart to understand what my heart used to be.
As this ending was much criticized even by some famous fellow authors, Dickens wrote a second ending currently considered as the definitive one, more hopeful but also more ambiguous than the original, in which Pip and Estella have a spiritual and emotional reconciliation.
Drummle - Great Expectations
The second ending echoes strongly the theme of closure found in much of the novel; Pip and Estella's relationship at the end is marked by some sadness and some joy, and although Estella still indicates that she doesn't believe she and Pip will be together, Pip perceives that she will stay with him: I took her hand in mine, and we went out of the ruined place; and, as the morning mists had risen long ago when I first left the forge, so, the evening mists were rising now, and in all the broad expanse of tranquil light they showed to me, I saw no shadow of another parting from her.
Estella's origins[ edit ] Though she never knows it herself, Pip finally finds out where Estella comes from. She was the child of Jaggers's maidservant Molly, a gypsy at that time, and Abel Magwitch.
Pip becomes convinced that Molly is Estella's mother during his second dinner at Jaggers's place, when he realizes that their eyes are the same and that, when unoccupied, their fingers perform a knitting action.
Wemmick tells him Molly's story: She came to Jaggers after he saved her from the gallows, as she had been accused of having murdered a woman out of jealousy. One evening, after Pip returned from a visit at Miss Havisham 's, Herbert tells him a story that Magwitch told him: Magwitch had a wife once and they had a child, a girl, whom Magwitch loved dearly. His wife told him she'd kill the child because the child was what Magwitch loved the most, and Molly wanted him to suffer for what he did to her and, as much as he knows, she did.