Explain line staff and functional authority relationship

Explain Line, staff and functional authority?

explain line staff and functional authority relationship

The manager already has a line or staff authority to do his normal job. Thus, Functional authority is an additional authority given to him to do the. Line-staff organization, in management, approach in which authorities (e.g., Relationships between individuals, groups, and divisions are based on lines of of an organization, all positions are defined relative to their line or staff function. Staff offer line managers planning advice through research, analysis and This ' dotted line' relationship indicates the functional authority of.

As managers expand organizations over time, staff roles are often added to supplement line activities.

explain line staff and functional authority relationship

The presence of these specialists frees lawyers to practice law, their line function. The role of staff members — to provide advice and service to line members — implies that staff lacks independent formal authority.

Line-staff organization

In reality, staff departments, especially those responsible for audit functions, may have formal authority over line members within the limits of their function. The right to control activities of other departments as they relate to specific staff responsibilities is known as functional authority.

  • Line and Staff Relationship in Organization (with Example Diagram)
  • Explain Line, staff and functional authority?
  • Line and staff Authority

The finance manager of Division A reports through the chain of command to the General manager of Division A, but is also responsible to the vice president for finance at the corporate level. Functional authority is common in organizations. It is necessary in carrying out many organizational activities, both to provide or a degree of uniformly and to allow unhindered application of expertise. Thus, it is based on both legitimate and expert power.

Line and staff organization in hindi

The skills required to manage functional authority relationships and the problem arising from those relationships are similar to the skills required to manage dual-boss relationships in matrix organizations. Functional authority might be common in modern organizations, but it can be difficult to practice.

Line and staff Authority

Take the case of Laura Kozol at the General Electric plant in Lynn, Massachusetts, where jet engines are manufactured for small aircraft. As a design engineer, Kozol has a position traditionally associated with staff authority. When Kozol joined the plant staff, she found that engineers designed engines staff authority without consulting those who actually produced the parts line authority. Partly out of frustration, and partly because downsizing at the plant cut out layers of management, Kozol organized an ongoing collaborative process between engineers and production employees.

explain line staff and functional authority relationship

The terms line and staff are used quite often in management literature. These terms have been borrowed from the military terminology. Organisationally, the line is the chain of command that extends from the Board of Directors through the various delegations and re- delegations of authority and responsibility to the point where the primary activities of the company are performed.

explain line staff and functional authority relationship

Line departments are those that are directly engaged in producing or selling the goods or services. All other activities are staff activities.

Staff and line

Staff refers to those elements of the organisation which provide advice or service to the line. When one position exists primarily to provide advice or service to another, it is a staff position. Staff refers to those elements which have responsibility and authority for providing advice and service to line in attainment of objectives.

For example, the production manager in a factory is a line manager since he is directly responsible for achieving the production targets of the organisation. Similarly, the marketing manager is also a line manager since he is engaged in selling products of the company.


But, an industrial engineer is a staff man. He is not directly entrusted with the task of production. He is required to give specific advice to the production manager.

explain line staff and functional authority relationship