Faust - Wikipedia
11 quotes have been tagged as mephistopheles: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: ' All theory is gray, “Faustus: Stay, Mephistopheles, and tell me, what good will. This quotation is part of an early discussion between Faustus and Mephistopheles regarding what Faustus will be able to receive in exchange for his soul. 18 quotes have been tagged as faustus: Christopher Marlowe: 'Faustus: Stay, Mephistopheles, and tell me, what good willmy soul do thy lord?Mephistophe.
He made three main additions: Faustus's soliloquyin Act 1, on the vanity of human science Good and Bad Angels The substitution of a Pageant of Devils for the seven deadly sins He also emphasised Faustus' intellectual aspirations and curiosity, and minimised the vices in the character, to lend a Renaissance aura to the story.
Structure[ edit ] The play is in blank verse and prose in thirteen scenes or twenty scenes Blank verse is largely reserved for the main scenes while prose is used in the comic scenes. Modern texts divide the play into five acts; act 5 being the shortest. As in many Elizabethan plays, there is a chorus which functions as a narratorthat does not interact with the other characters but rather provides an introduction and conclusion to the play and, at the beginning of some Acts, introduces events that have unfolded.
Along with its history and language style, scholars have critiqued and analysed the structure of the play. Frey wrote a document entitled In the Opening and Close of Doctor Faustus, which mainly focuses on Faustus's opening and closing soliloquies.
He stresses the importance of the soliloquies in the play, saying: The soliloquies also have parallel concepts. In the introductory soliloquy, Faustus begins by pondering the fate of his life and what he wants his career to be. He ends his soliloquy with the solution and decision to give his soul to the devil. Similarly in the closing soliloquy, Faustus begins pondering, and finally comes to terms with the fate he created for himself. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.
This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.
May This article needs attention from an expert in Literature. The specific problem is: WikiProject Literature may be able to help recruit an expert. May Faustus learns necromancy [ edit ] In the prologue, The Chorus introduces the reader to Faustus and his story. He is described as being "base of stock"; however, his intelligence and scholarship eventually earns him the degree of a Doctor at the University of Wittenburg.
During this opening, the reader also gets a first clue to the source of Faustus's downfall. Faustus's tale is likened to that of Icaruswho flew too close to the sun and fell to his death when the sun melted his waxen wings. This is a hint to Faustus's end as well as bringing to the reader's attention the idea of hubris excessive pridewhich is represented in the Icarus story and ultimately Faustus'.
Faustus comments that he has mastered every subject he has studied. He depreciates Logic as merely being a tool for arguing; Medicine as being unvalued unless it allowed raising the dead and immortality ; Law as being mercenary and beneath him; and Divinity as useless because he feels that all humans commit sin, and thus to have sins punishable by death complicates the logic of Divinity. He dismisses it as "What doctrine call you this?
Que sera, sera" What will be, shall be.
- Doctor Faustus vs. Mephistopheles, or The Unfair Bargain
- Faustus Quotes
- Mephistopheles Quotes
Faustus instructs his servant Wagner to summon Valdes and Cornelius, a famous witchcrafter and a famous magician, respectively. Two angels, called the Good Angel and the Bad Angel, appear to Faustus and dispense their own perspectives of his interest in magic and necromancy. Though Faustus seems momentarily dissuaded, he is apparently won over by the Bad Angel, proclaiming, "How am I glutted with conceit of this" "conceit" meaning the possibilities magic offers to him.
Valdes and Cornnelius declare that if Faustus devotes himself to magic, great things are indeed possible with someone of Faustus' learning and intelligence. Faustus' absence is noted by two scholars who are less accomplished than Faustus himself.
They request that Wagner reveal Faustus' present location, a request which Wagner at first haughtily denies, then bombastically reveals. The two scholars worry about Faustus being corrupted by the art of Magic and leave to inform the rector of the university.
That night, Faustus begins his attempt to summon a devil in the presence of Lucifer and other devils although Faustus is unaware of their presence. After he creates a magic circle and speaks an incantation through which he revokes his baptism, a demon a representative of the devil himself named Mephistophilis appears before him, but Faustus is unable to tolerate the hideous looks of the demon and commands it to change its appearance.
Faustus, seeing the obedience of the demon in changing its form, takes pride in his skill. He tries to bind the demon to his service, but is unable to because Mephistophilis already serves Lucifer, who is also called the Prince of Devils.
Mephistophilis also reveals that it was not Faustus' power that summoned him but rather his abjuration of scriptures that results in the Devil coming in the hope of claiming Faustus' soul.
Mephistophilis introduces the history of Lucifer and the other devils while indirectly telling Faustus that Hell has no circumference nor limit and is more of a state of mind than a physical location. Faustus' inquiries into the nature of hell lead to Mephistophilis saying: The pact with Lucifer[ edit ] Using Mephistophilis as a messenger, Faustus strikes a deal with Lucifer: This deal is to be sealed in the form of a contract written in Faustus' own blood. After cutting his arm, the wound is divinely healed and the Latin words Homo, fuge!
Mephistophilis brings coals to break the wound open again, and thus Faustus is able to take his oath written in his own blood. Wasting his skills[ edit ] Faustus begins by asking Mephistophilis a series of science-related questions.
However, the demon seems to be quite evasive and finishes with a Latin phrase, Per inoequalem motum respect totes "through unequal motion with respect to the whole thing". This sentence has not the slightest scientific value, thus giving the impression that Mephistophilis is untrustworthy.
Faustus then asks who made the world, a question which Mephistophilis refuses to answer Mephistophilis knows that God made the world. When Faustus announces his intention to renounce magic and repent, Mephistophilis storms away.
The good and evil angels return to Faustus: This is the largest fault of Faustus throughout the play: Lucifer, accompanied by Beelzebub and Mephistophilis, appears to Faustus and frightens him into obedience to their pact.
Goethe's Faust - Wikipedia
Lucifer then, as an entertainment, brings to Faustus the personification of the seven deadly sins. Faustus fails to see them as warnings and ignores their implication.
From this point until the end of the play, although he gains great fame for his powers, Dr. Faustus does nothing worthwhile, having begun his pact with the attitude that he would be able to do anything. Instead, he merely uses his temporary powers for practical jokes and frivolous demonstrations to the nobility. Finally, with his allotted 24 years mostly expired and realizing that he has given up his soul for no good reason, Faustus appears to scholars and warns them that he is damned and will not be long on the Earth.
He gives a speech about how he is damned and eventually seems to repent for his deeds. Damnation[ edit ] At the end of the play, on the eleventh hour, Mephistophilis comes to collect Faustus' soul and Faustus is dragged off the stage to Hell by Mephistophilis and other devils even though Dr.
Faustus tries to repent and beg for mercy from those devils.
In the later 'B text' of the play, there is a subsequent scene [V. The Polish folklore legend bears many similarities to the story of Faust. Hans Jonas writes, "surely few admirers of Marlowe's and Goethe's plays have an inkling that their hero is the descendant of a gnostic sectary and that the beautiful Helen called up by his art was once the fallen Thought of God through whose raising mankind was to be saved.
Here, a saintly figure makes a bargain with the keeper of the infernal world but is rescued from paying his debt to society through the mercy of the Blessed Virgin. The Polish story seems to have originated at roughly the same time as its German counterpart, yet It is unclear whether the two tales have a common origin or influenced each other. The first known printed source of the legend of Faust is a small chapbook bearing the title Historia von D.
Johann Faustenpublished in The book was re-edited and borrowed from throughout the 16th century. Other similar books of that period include: Das Wagnerbuch Dr. Locations linked to the story[ edit ] Staufena town in the extreme southwest of Germany, claims to be where Faust died c.
Faustus Quotes (18 quotes)
The only historical source for this tradition is a passage in the Chronik der Grafen von Zimmern, which was written around25 years after Faust's presumed death. These chronicles are generally considered reliable, and in the 16th century there were still family ties between the lords of Staufen and the counts of Zimmern in nearby Donaueschingen. This has led to a measure of speculation as to where precisely his story is set. Christopher Marlowe used this work as the basis for his more ambitious play, The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus published c.
Goethe's Faust[ edit ] Another important version of the incredible legend is the play Faustwritten by the German author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. The first part, which is the one more closely connected to the earlier legend, was published inthe second posthumously in Goethe's Faust complicates the simple Christian moral of the original legend. A hybrid between a play and an extended poem, Goethe's two-part " closet drama " is epic in scope.
It gathers together references from Christian, medieval, Romaneastern, and Hellenic poetry, philosophy, and literature. The composition and refinement of Goethe's own version of the legend occupied him for over sixty years though not continuously. The final version, published after his death, is recognized as a great work of German literature.Doctor Faustus and Mephistopheles
Frustrated with learning and the limits to his knowledge, power, and enjoyment of life, he attracts the attention of the Devil represented by Mephistopheleswho makes a bet with Faust that he will be able to satisfy him; a notion that Faust is incredibly reluctant towards, as he believes this happy zenith will never come.
This is a significant difference between Goethe's "Faust" and Marlowe's; Faust is not the one who suggests the wager. In the first part, Mephistopheles leads Faust through experiences that culminate in a lustful relationship with Gretchen, an innocent young woman.
Gretchen and her family are destroyed by Mephistopheles' deceptions and Faust's desires.