Love-Hate Relationships | Wuthering Heights
In the relationship between Catherine and Heathcliff, we find a mixture of both love and hatred. The bond between them is so charged that it easily spills over. Of the major themes in Wuthering Heights, the nature of love — both in the context of good versus evil (which is another way of saying love versus hate). The most important relationship is the one between Heathcliff and Catherine. The Love and Hate in Wuthering Heights Shi Xueping Introduction Wuthering Heathcliff seeks to destroy those who severes the relationship between himself.
Finishing the novel; most readers have forgiven him because the character of Heathcliff has not only his deep hatred for everyone else, also the strong love of Catherine, and this love deeply shake most readers. He is definitely not a devil without human feelings, he has tremendous emotion, he loved so deeply that just like a burning fire, the love between Heathciff and Catherine draws an eternal Love, which shakes the whole human, even ghost.
Even we can say that his cruelty is merely an expression of his frustrated love for Catherine. In him, we see a most terrible picture of scornful love turned into desperate hatred and revenge that is destructive to both the avenger and the revenged.
He revenges to two generations, at first, he makes all the property in the name of his and Hindley indulges in drunk, gambling and dies from them, and he elopes with Isabella and marries her in order to revenge Linton, but he thinks it is not enough, and then he aims his hatred at the second generation. He controls Wuthering Heights, and takes an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth; He trains Hareton as an idiot and lives in the shadow of him.
In order to defraud Edger of his money and belongings, he urges Cathy, daughter of Edger, to marry with his dying son by cheat.
Besides, he torments Hareton and Cathy physically and mentally. If so, is he mad? And if not, is he a devil? He becomes a beast. His hate is beyond his love. As he himself points out, his abuse of Isabella is purely sadistic, as he abuses himself by seeing how much abuse she can take and still come cringing back for more. He marries Isabella for revenge. I have no pity! The more the worms writhe, the more I yearn to crush out their entrails!
It is a moral teething; and I grind with greater energy, in proportion to the increase of pain. His hate derived from his love, he can not bear the betrayal of Catherine. He uses his whole life and power to revenge anyone he hates. You have killed yourself. I love my murdererbut yours! His revenge to the second generation His revenge to the second generation is the climax of his hate.
Some critics dismiss the plot of the second generation as being a simple retelling of the first story; however, in doing so, they are dismissing the entire second half of the book.
Clearly, in order to appreciate fully Wuthering Heights, and understand his inner heart attention must be paid to his revenge to the second generation. Edgar tells little Cathy: Revenge has occupied his whole life, and even become his instinctive needs.
He is a devil and revenger and his revenge become a truth. He becomes a fierce, pitiless, wolfish man.
The results of his revenge The results of his revenge are: Edgar dies of grief. He also torments Isabella to death; in addition, Catherine dies without his forgiveness.
Heathcliff is in full possession of the properties of both Wuthering Heights and thrushcross Grange, however, his revenge let him live alone. Just as he says to Nelly: In fact, his revenge is ridiculous. The re-establishment of harmony between love and hate. His last choice Zhang believes that just at the climax of his revenge events suddenly take another turn.
He forgets his schemes of revenge, forgets even to sleep and eat; with eyes fixed on his supernatural visitor, he slowly starves himself to death. He gives up his revenge to the second generation, and he now can not find the meaning of his life, he demolishes the two houses, and trains himself to live in hate, but when he has revenged and everything is ready and in his power, he find the will to lift a slate off either roof has vanished, and he loses interests in hate and revenge.
I could do it; and none could hinder me. But where is the use? I don't care for striking; I can't take the trouble to raise my hand! That sounds as if I had been laboring the whole time only to exhibit a fine trait of magnanimity. It is far from being the case: I have lost the faculty of enjoying their destruction, and I am too idle to destroy for nothing.
Finally, he understands everything, and he chooses suicide to finish his life, not for he feel guilty or sin, yet he just find it that, except Catherine, he has nothing to pursuit and lives for loving her, and his life, like the Wuthering Heights, is so bleak,gloomy. He lives in the desert. The revival of his love We have seen his love and hate, and Heathcliff is a tragedy in his choice between love and hate, and we can imagine his pain when he indulges in the memories and recall of Catherine, but at last he is happy and dies with smile, he must free himself from hate, and meet with Catherine in the moor, their soul will never feel alone, they will take a walk on the moor, and the spirits of Heathcliff and Catherine ,united at last, remain in the possession of Wuthering Heights.
Just as the novelist wrote at the last chapter: Edgar Linton's only harmonized by the turf and moss creeping up its foot: The theme of love and hate make this novel more attractive, and everyone will remember this love and hate of Heathcliff.
The destruction and re-establishment of harmony between love and hate of Heathcliff is to be found within his whole life. A parentless waif, he is actually a child of the stormy, wild nature which is made up of heath and cliffs.
He comes to Wuthering Heights looking for love and home; firstly, he founds love from Catherine and Mr. Earnshow, but he is rebuffed by Hindley and for some reason betrayed by Catherine. With his inner balance overturned, his harmony broken. So he is forced into destruction and revenge, of both his enemies and himself, until finally he is able to find his harmony back by joining with the ghost of his other selfCatherine.
In the entanglement of love and hate, at last, he gained what he wanted, and he attained harmony. Freud explained this urge as an inherent part of love: Love has become a religion in Wuthering Heights, providing a shield against the fear of death and the annihilation of personal identity or consciousness.
The Love and Hate of Heathcliff on the theme of Wuthering Height1(1)- 百度文库
This use of love would explain the inexorable connection between love and death in the characters' speeches and actions. Wuthering Heights is filled with a religious urgency—unprecedented in British novels—to imagine a faith that might replace the old. Nobody else's heaven is good enough. Echoing Cathy, Heathdiff says late in the book, "I have nearly attained my heaven; and that of others is altogether unvalued and uncoveted by me!
The hope for salvation becomes a matter of eroticized private enterprise Catherine and Heathcliff have faith in their vocation of being in love with one another They both believe that they have their being in the other, as Christians, Jews, and Moslems believe that they have their being in God.
Look at the mystical passion of these two: That passion is a way of overcoming the threat of death and the separateness of existence. Their calling is to be the other; and that calling, mad and destructive as it sometimes seems, is religious.
The desire for transcendence takes the form of crossing boundaries and rejecting conventions; this is the source of the torment of being imprisoned in a body and in this life, the uncontrolled passion expressed in extreme and violent ways, the usurpation of property, the literal and figurative imprisonments, the necrophilia, the hints of incest and adultery, the ghosts of Catherine and Heathcliff—all, in other words, that has shocked readers from the novel's first publication.
Each has replaced God for the other, and they anticipate being reunited in love after death, just as Christians anticipate being reunited with God after death. Nevertheless, Catherine and Heatcliff are inconsistent in their attitude toward death, which both unites and separates. I only wish us never to be parted," Catherine goes on to say, "I'm wearying to escape into that glorious world," a wish which necessarily involves separation Ch. Conventional religion is presented negatively in the novel.
The abandoned church at Gimmerton is decaying; the minister stops visiting Wuthering Heights because of Hindley's degeneracy. Catherine and Heathcliff reject Joseph's religion, which is narrow, self-righteous, and punitive. Is conventional religion replaced by the religion of love, and does the fulfillment of Heathcliff and Catherine's love after death affect the love of Hareton and Cathy in any way?
Does the redemptive power of love, which is obvious in Cathy's civilizing Hareton, relate to love-as-religion experienced by Heathcliff and Catherine?
Is what Catherine and Heathcliff call love and generations of readers have accepted as Ideal Love really an addiction? Stanton Peele argues that romantic or passion love is in itself an addiction.
What exactly does he mean by addiction?
An addiction exists when a person's attachment to a sensation, an object, or another person is such as to lessen his appreciation of and ability to deal with other things in his environment, or in himself, so that he has become increasingly dependent on that experience as his only source of gratification. Individuals who lack direction and commitment, who are emotionally unstable, or who are isolated and have few interests are especially vulnerable to addictions. An addictive love wants to break down the boundaries of identity and merge with the lover into one identity.
Lacking inner resources, love addicts look outside themselves for meaning and purpose, usually in people similar to themselves.