African elephant, Olive baboon and the Acacias Tree
Objective: To explain the types of relationships that exist between organisms. Bell work: Define Elephant & Egret. Spanish Olive Baboon & African Elephant. The olive baboon (Papio anubis), also called the Anubis baboon, is a member of the family Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys). The species is the most wide- ranging of all baboons, being found in 25 countries throughout Africa, .. In Eritrea, the olive baboon has formed a symbiotic relationship with that country's. This story of one unique mutualistic relationship is in the heart of Africa. The Olive Baboon and Elephant share a relationship out of sheer.
This lack of paternal certainty could help reduce the occurrence of infanticide. Females are the primary caregivers of infants, but males also play a role. Its grasp grows stronger by its first week and it is able to cling to its mother's fur by itself. The distance the infant spends away from its mother increases the older it gets. Subadult and juvenile females are more likely to care for another's young, as they have not yet produced offspring of their own.
They may also protect them from predators, such as chimpanzees. Adult males exploit infants and use them to reduce the likelihood that other males will threaten them. Throughout the day, baboons of all ages emit the "basic grunt".
The "roargrunt" is made by adult males displaying to each other. The "cough-bark", and the "cough geck" are made when low-flying birds or humans they do not know are sighted. A "wa-hoo" call is made in response to predators or neighbouring groups at night and during stressful situations.
The olive baboon is omnivorous but prefers to depend primarily on a herbivorous diet. Forest dwelling olive baboons are active climbers.
They search for food both on the ground as well as in trees in forests, whereas the baboons living on the grasslands are more terrestrial in nature. Baboons feed on plant matter such as leaves, grasses, fruits, roots, seeds, mushrooms, tubers and lichens.
They also hunt on small vertebrates like rodents and hares to meet their nutritional requirements. Organized hunting has been recently observed among olive baboons. Olive baboon with a herd of zebras in lake manyara national park Tanzania?
The most fascinating among all animals are the deadly predators that live here. Olive baboons have to match with some of the deadliest predators on earth in order to survive in Africa. Lions, leopards, hyenas, nile crocodiles and cheetahs can all easily take down a baboon on the ground. As a defensive measure, baboons are always alert. They send alarm calls to the rest of the troop as soon as they sense a threat lurking close. The baboons also use trees as a higher ground to spot predators from a distance.
When a potential threat is detected, the troop olive baboons quickly find refuge in nearby trees. In such situations, the troop aggressively charges towards the predator, displaying their long canines. With strength in numbers, jaws and arms, the troop of baboons is well capable of fending off any predator in the olive baboon habitat. However, the deadliest of all, are the humans. Tribal people living on the grasslands of Africa are known to hunt on baboons as they are available in large numbers.
Reproduction and Lifecycle A female olive baboon reaches sexual maturity at the age of Years while the male is mature between years of age. Males leave their troop and join other troops before they reach sexual maturity.
Olive Baboon and the African Elephant by on Prezi
As a result, males within a troop are not related to each other and young males maintain an aggressive nature towards other males of the troop during the mating season. Olive baboons follow a promiscuous mating behavior where males and females of the troop mate with different partners over the mating season. During ovulation, the female experiences sexual swelling, where the anogenital region swells and turn bright-red in color.
This acts as a signal to males that the female is ready to mate.
Behavioral changes are also observed in both males and females during the mating period. Females with larger sexual swelling are considered to be more fertile than other females. Such females attract many males, resulting in furious conflicts among the males. Baby olive baboon, lake nakuru, national park Kenya? The female gives birth to a single offspring and protects it for the first few weeks. The offspring has a black coat which gradually changes to olive-green as the newborn turns into an adult.
At the age of just two weeks, the olive baboon offspring is able to move away from its mother for short periods of time. Females, however, keep their babies close for the first weeks.
Offsprings from experienced and high-ranking females show a better survival rate compared to offsprings born to first-time mothers. Mother baboon carrying her baby on the back? The newborn baboon faces many dangers during the first year after birth. Males often kill young ones in order to mate with the mother.
A baby baboon is quite small in size and, therefore, an easy potential prey for raptors, foxes, and snakes if the young one wanders too far away from the mother. Due to these dangers, the mother keeps the baby close to her as long as it is not capable of fending for itself.
After reaching adulthood, the threats of predations decrease by a huge margin for the olive baboon. In a favorable habitat, they can live for up to years. Due to its wide distribution through Ethiopia and Guinea, the olive baboon range overlaps with other species of baboons such as hamadryas baboon, yellow baboon, and Guinea baboon.
Hybrids have been reported and spotted several times, indicating that cross-breeding occurs wherever different species of baboon share the same habitat. However, no hybrids have been studied in detail and hence, only minimal information is available about the existence of olive baboon hybrids. Behavior and Communication Olive baboons live in large groups called troops or congress.
They spend most of the time close to each other for protection; social grooming is an integral part of their social lifestyle. Although the group looks quite unorganized at the first glance, a closer observation reveals that olive baboons follow a complex hierarchy within the group. As males change troops very often in their lives, they are not a part of this existing hierarchy. High ranked females are groomed very often by males and lower ranked females.
Olive baboon - Wikipedia
High-ranked females reproduce at a younger age, are more fertile and their babies have a better chance of survival within the troop. Life is hard for the low ranked females. They are often driven off from good feeding and sleeping sites by the high ranked females. A low ranked female experiences the least amount of grooming while the high ranked ones are groomed very often by males and lower ranked females.
Mutualism between an African elephant and the Olive baboon
Such complex hierarchy is very rare in the animal world. However, baboons seem to be flourishing very well within the structure they maintain. Baboons use several modes of communication to deal with different situations in its lifetime. This sound is also used to alert the group about neighboring troops. All ages and sexes produce this to express various common things.