Helen of Troy | Myth & Significance | bestwebdirectory.info
During an absence of Menelaus, however, Helen fled to Troy with Paris, son of the Trojan king Priam; when Paris was slain, she married his brother Deiphobus, . Paris falls in love with Helen and abducts her. Sparta's King Menelaus is already Helen's husband, and talks the Greeks into going to war with. Helen and Paris in the Iliad did not 'fall' in love,but merely Helen was a prize given to Paris by Aphrodite, who was chosen by Paris in a beauty.
She therefore changed shape into various animals as she attempted to flee Zeus, finally becoming a goose. Zeus also transformed himself into a goose and raped Nemesis, who produced an egg from which Helen was born. People believed that this was "the famous egg that legend says Leda brought forth".
Pausanias traveled to Sparta to visit the sanctuary, dedicated to Hilaeira and Phoebein order to see the relic for himself. Side A from an Attic red-figure bell-krater, c. Two AtheniansTheseus and Pirithousthought that since they were both sons of gods, both of them should have divine wives; they thus pledged to help each other abduct two daughters of Zeus. Theseus chose Helen, and Pirithous vowed to marry Persephonethe wife of Hades.
Theseus took Helen and left her with his mother Aethra or his associate Aphidnus at Aphidnae or Athens. Theseus and Pirithous then traveled to the underworldthe domain of Hades, to kidnap Persephone. Hades pretended to offer them hospitality and set a feast, but, as soon as the pair sat down, snakes coiled around their feet and held them there. Helen's abduction caused an invasion of Athens by Castor and Pollux, who captured Aethra in revenge, and returned their sister to Sparta.
Sextus Propertius imagines Helen as a girl who practices arms and hunts with her brothers: When it was time for Helen to marry, many kings and princes from around the world came to seek her hand, bringing rich gifts with them or sent emissaries to do so on their behalf.
During the contest, Castor and Pollux had a prominent role in dealing with the suitors, although the final decision was in the hands of Tyndareus.
Oath of Tyndareus[ edit ] Tyndareus was afraid to select a husband for his daughter, or send any of the suitors away, for fear of offending them and giving grounds for a quarrel. Odysseus was one of the suitors, but had brought no gifts because he believed he had little chance to win the contest. He thus promised to solve the problem, if Tyndareus in turn would support him in his courting of Penelopethe daughter of Icarius. Tyndareus readily agreed, and Odysseus proposed that, before the decision was made, all the suitors should swear a most solemn oath to defend the chosen husband against whoever should quarrel with him.
After the suitors had sworn not to retaliate, Menelaus was chosen to be Helen's husband. As a sign of the importance of the pact, Tyndareus sacrificed a horse. Menelaus and Helen rule in Sparta for at least ten years; they have a daughter, Hermioneand according to some myths three sons: AethiolasMaraphiusand Pleisthenes. The marriage of Helen and Menelaus marks the beginning of the end of the age of heroes.
Concluding the catalog of Helen's suitors, Hesiod reports Zeus' plan to obliterate the race of men and the heroes in particular. The Trojan War, caused by Helen's elopement with Paris, is going to be his means to this end.
Judgement of Paris Parisa Trojan prince, came to Sparta to claim Helen, in the guise of a supposed diplomatic mission. Before this journey, Paris had been appointed by Zeus to judge the most beautiful goddess ; HeraAthenaor Aphrodite. In order to earn his favour, Aphrodite promised Paris the most beautiful woman in the world. Swayed by Aphrodite's offer, Paris chose her as the most beautiful of the goddesses, earning the wrath of Athena and Hera. Although Helen is sometimes depicted as being raped by Paris, Ancient Greek sources are often elliptical and contradictory.
Herodotus states that Helen was abducted, but the Cypria simply mentions that after giving Helen gifts, "Aphrodite brings the Spartan queen together with the Prince of Troy. Some say a host of horsemen, others of infantry and others of ships, is the most beautiful thing on the dark earth but I say, it is what you love Full easy it is to make this understood of one and all: However, Helen was sought by many suitors, who came from far and near, among them Paris who surpassed all the others and won the favor of Tyndareus and his sons.
Thus he won her fairly and took her away to Troia, with the full consent of her natural protectors.
Homer narrates that during a brief stop-over in the small island of Kranaiaccording to Iliad, the two lovers consummated their passion. On the other hand, Cypria note that this happened the night before they left Sparta. The Rape of Helen by Francesco Primaticcio c. This painting depicts Paris' judgement.
He is inspecting Aphrodite, who is standing naked before him. Hera and Athena watch nearby. Those three authors are Euripides, Stesichorus, and Herodotus. Eidolon is also present in Stesichorus ' account, but not in Herodotus' rationalizing version of the myth.
In addition to these accounts, Lycophron states that Hesiod was the first to mention Helen's eidolon. According to these priests, Helen had arrived in Egypt shortly after leaving Sparta, because strong winds had blown Paris's ship off course. King Proteus of Egyptappalled that Paris had seduced his host's wife and plundered his host's home in Sparta, disallowed Paris from taking Helen to Troy. Paris returned to Troy without a new bride, but the Greeks refused to believe that Helen was in Egypt and not within Troy's walls.
Thus, Helen waited in Memphis for ten years, while the Greeks and the Trojans fought. The Greek fleet gathered in Aulisbut the ships could not sail for lack of wind. Paris chose Aphrodite and therefore Helen.
Helen was already married to King Menelaus of Sparta a fact Aphrodite neglected to mentionso Paris had to raid Menelaus's house to steal Helen from him - according to some accounts, she fell in love with Paris and left willingly. This triggered the war because Helen was famous for her beauty throughout Achaea ancient Greeceand had many suitors of extraordinary ability. Therefore, following Odysseus 's advice, her father Tyndareus made all suitors promise to defend Helen's marriage to the man he chose for her.
When Paris took her to Troy, Menelaus invoked this oath. Thus, the whole of Greece moved against Troy in force and the Trojan War began. Although Paris readily admits his shortcomings in battle, his brother Hector scolds and belittles him after he runs away from a duel with Menelaus that was to determine the end of the war. Menelaus easily defeats Paris, though Aphrodite spirits him away before Menelaus can finish the duel. Paris is returned to his bedchambers, where Aphrodite forces Helen to be with him.
Later, after slaying Hector and other heroes, Achilles dies by an arrow of Paris with Apollo's help. According to Hyginus Fabulae, Apollo disguised himself as Paris.
- Paris (mythology)
- The rape of Helen
- Helen of Troy
Later in the war, after Philoctetes mortally wounds Paris, Helen makes her way to Mount Ida where she begs Paris's first wife, the nymph Oenoneto heal him. Still bitter that Paris had spurned her for his birthright in the city and then forgotten her for Helen, Oenone refuses. Helen returns alone to Troy, where Paris dies later the same day.
In another version, Paris himself, in great pain, visits Oenone to plead for healing but is refused and dies on the mountainside. When Oenone hears of his funeral, she runs to his funeral pyre and throws herself in its fire.
In the film Helen of TroyParis, as the main character, is portrayed as a heroic character who at first worships peace and love but is later forced to take up arms against the treacherous Greeks. Barry Humphries starred in the original performance as Sinon. He is not killed by Philoctetes in this version, but leaves the falling city of Troy together with Helen and survives. Paris is portrayed as an irresponsible prince who put his romance before his family and country.
In the TV miniseries Troy: The Greeks dropped anchor some way off the beach and waited in their ships, even Achilles, for it had been prophesied that the first to land on Trojan soil would be the first to die and Achilles had yet to make a name for himself that would outlive his time on the planet.
Troy - HELEN AND PARIS
One man, Protesilaus, leapt off his ship nevertheless and charged at the beach, though he had joined the expedition the day after his wedding, after a single night of marital bliss.
Protesilaus was cut down by Priam's son Hector and dispatched to the halls of Hades. But when she heard the news, his young wife could not accept his death and made an image of him and took it to her bed.
And the gods, feeling pity for her, allowed Protesilaus to return from the underworld for one more night. Then, when Hermes came next morning to take Protesilaus back to Hades, his wife could not bear this second separation, nor did the image of him console her any more, and so she burned it and threw herself on the bonfire too, anxious to join her newlywed husband if only in the land of the shades.
Now that Protesilaus had fulfilled the prophecy, the Greeks took heart and leapt off their ships, determined to break through the ranks of the Trojans. One man, above all, prevented them: Cycnus, son of the sea god Poseidon, whose body and hair were snowy white, and who was quite naked, having no need of armour. Like the Nemean lion, his skin was invulnerable to metal. Many Greeks died at his hands as he brushed off their swords and spears as if they were grasses or poppy stems.
Troy and the Iliad: The 'love' affair between Helen and Paris
Soon his white skin was smeared red with the blood of his victims. It was beginning to look as if the expedition would be over before it had even started. But mighty Achilles picked up a pebble from the beach and threw it at Cycnus with all the strength he could muster. Now Cycnus lay dead and when they saw what had happened, the Trojans turned tail and ran all the way back to their battlements, leaving the Greeks to beach their ships and set up an encampment in peace.
Meanwhile Menelaus and cunning-tongued Odysseus went to Troy and entered her mighty gates, having been granted safe passage by Antenor, wisest of Priam's advisers. They addressed the assembled Trojans. We have not come for booty or glory or to make war for no reason. Or would you wage war? So Troy can be a sanctuary for the world's ravishers?
Helen did not come unwillingly. Indeed she cannot keep her hands off me. She is pleased to have a man in her bed at last.