Pericles - HISTORY
One of Pericles' closest friends was Phidias, the greatest and most famous sculptor of Unfortunately, not too much is known about the personal relationship. Pericles was born into one of Athens' leading families. His father The playwright Sophocles and the sculptor Phidias were among his friends. Pericles' consort. The enemies of Pericles accused Phidias of stealing gold intended for the He also had a strong relationship with the gods and goddesses of Greek mythology.
Phidias disassembled the gold parts, weighted them and proved that nothing was missing. Then, 8 years later when Athens was suffering from the great plague that terrified the Athenians and drove them to extensive superstition, they accused him of impiety for secretly portraying himself in the Amazon Battle reliefs on the shield of Athena.
He was convicted and sent into exile. However, it seems that their different lifestyles were not a problem for their friendship, which was mostly grounded in their common appreciation of art. As a member of Pericles close circle, Sophocles was sent on diplomatic missions at times when then Athenian League was in danger of dissolving.
Sophocles was talented in soothing tensions and this was a great service for his friend whose first priority was to avoid war conflicts. Lampon the seer, representing the Oracle of Delphi, was well respected in Athens. Not only did they have interesting conversations where Pericles would express his rationalistic points of view, but he even set Lampon in charge of founding the Panhellenic colony of Thurium earlier called Sybari in southern Italy.
Being a prominent and commonly respected citizen, Lampon could guarantee the orderly settlement of the colonists.
Phidias – Famous Sculptor of Ancient Greece
He was the best for this complex mission. The extraordinary foreigners Some of Pericles friends were born in other Greek cities and moved to Athens later on in their life.
They all played an important role in his political life and achievements. Anaxagoras Once, as Pericles and the crews were ready to sail, a solar eclipse frightened the sailors who believed it to be a bad omen sent from the gods. When the sun reappeared a few moments later, Pericles approached the crew and raised his chlamys to hide the sun. But Pericles had freed his mind from widespread superstitions that haunted the common Athenians.
This freedom was revealed to him by his good friend, and great master, Anaxagoras. According to this, the Mind is the initial cause for the motion of the primordial mixture of cosmos. Whenever cosmic particles unite or separate, something new is created and the Mind is the initiator of this process, however, the Mind does not intervene in this process.
Pericles applied this theory in political matters. He, the Mind, thought ahead, made plans, set the decision-making process of the citizens in motion and if the plans were democratically approved, the whole city contributed in executing the plans.
Phidias | Biography, Works, & Facts | bestwebdirectory.info
Hippodamus In this great company of people we also find the top architect — astronomer — mathematician — natural philosopher and meteorologist Hippodamus of Miletus. Cities were not usually built in an orderly fashion and Hippodamus created a city plan of rectangular grid where streets and buildings were neatly arranged. This, now commonly used city plan, is named Hippodamian Plan. He was assigned the task of designing the city of Piraeus the harbor town of Athens and the new colony of Thurium.
His flesh was of ivory, his drapery of gold. The throneback rose above his head. Everything surrounding the figure, including the statues and paintings by Panaenoswas richly decorated.
The Olympian Zeus was about seven times life-size or 42 feet [13 metres] and occupied the full height of the temple.
Pericles, Phidias, and the rebirth of Athens
Zeus, Statue ofOverview of the Statue of Zeus. They then accused him of impiety for including portraits of Pericles and himself on the shield of Athena on the Athena Parthenosand he was thrown into prison. Until recently, it was thought that Phidias died in prison shortly thereafter, but now it is believed that he was exiled to Elis, where he worked on the Olympian Zeus.
It contains a number of terra-cotta molds believed to have been used for the drapery of the Olympian Zeus. Phidias and his assistants were also responsible for the marble sculptures that adorned the Parthenon. Most of these remains the Elgin Marbles are now in the British Museum. Several of these sculptures have been attributed to Phidias, but none with certainty. Even when movement is represented in some of his reliefs, a monumental quality is imparted.
Though the construction of the human body is perfectly understood, its rendering is restrained and harmonized. In other words, Phidias may be called the initiator of the idealistic, Classical style that distinguishes Greek art in the later 5th and the 4th centuries. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: