Tolson and hoover relationship

Clyde Tolson - Wikipedia

tolson and hoover relationship

If Hoover did have a gay relationship, most likely it was with his longtime FBI associate director, Clyde Tolson, another lifelong bachelor — but. The new film J. Edgar takes the well-known relationship between long-time FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover (Leonardo diCaprio) and his long-time. Frequently playing 'second fiddle' to Hoover, Tolson acted as the who denied the sexual relationship between Hoover and Tolson did so to.

But I'd never seen two men holding hands. Harry Hay, founder of America's first gay rights group, remembered that on vacation in California, in "a circle in which they didn't have people who weren't gay… They were nodded together as lovers. It is a nod towards allegations I first reported, that he on occasion cross-dressed.

J Edgar Hoover Had Sex With Men, But Was He a Homosexual? - ABC News

I had information from three sources, two men who said an "easily recognisable" photograph of Hoover in an evening gown circulated in the gay community inand an account by a millionaire's former wife of secret sex parties that she claimed to have witnessed in the late 50s. Hoover, the woman said, had been "dressed like an old flapper, like you see on old tintypes". Bill Clinton, who as president in was mulling over who to appoint as FBI Director, thought the cross-dressing reports were hilarious.

Other accounts of the Director's alleged sexual activity, if true, would certainly have destroyed him had they become public. Corcoran, who had powerful contacts in the state, said he intervened to hush the matter up. There is, too, a claim that as late aswhen Hoover was in his early 70s, he dallied with teenage boys during his habitual summer break in California. An element of corroboration came from Don Smith, an officer on the Los Angeles police vice squad, who told me of interviews he conducted with youngsters during a paedophile investigation.

For me, the most significant, credible information on Hoover's sexuality came with the discovery that Hoover for a while consulted Marshall de G Ruffin, a Washington psychiatrist who became president of the Washington Psychiatric Society.

'J. Edgar' Depicts Truth of Hoover’s Relationship With Tolson

De Ruffin's widow Monteen recalled learning from her husband that his distinguished patient was "definitely troubled by homosexuality". After several sessions, however, "Hoover got very paranoid about anyone finding out he was a homosexual, and got scared.

For years he had his agents infiltrate and monitor homosexual-rights groups, while he sounded off publicly about "sex deviates in government service". My conclusion after five years' research was that while Hoover may have spent much of his life repressing his private urges while building an image of himself as the acme of sexual purity, he did sometimes lapse — risking catastrophe every time.

Having studied the information I assembled, two noted specialists in psychiatry and psychology said they believed Hoover's sexual torment was very pertinent to his use and abuse of power as America's top law-enforcement officer.

Dr John Money, professor of medical psychology at Johns Hopkins University, thought Hoover "needed constantly to destroy other people in order to maintain himself. He managed to live with his conflict by making others pay the price. A combination of narcissism and paranoia produces what is known as an authoritarian personality. Hoover would have made a perfect high-level Nazi.

As early as his teen years, his mind was closing on issues that were to dominate his era.

tolson and hoover relationship

In the school debating society, he argued against women getting the vote and against abolition of the death penalty. He could never bear to come second in anything.

The secret life of J Edgar Hoover | Film | The Guardian

When his father began to suffer from mental illness, a niece told me, Hoover "couldn't tolerate the fact.

He never could tolerate anything that was imperfect. Hoover joined the Bureau — at that time just the Bureau of Investigation the word "Federal" was only added in the s — as America's first great Communist scare was getting under way, and handpicked as his assistant a man named George Ruch.

One of two key associates to name their own sons J Edgar, Ruch expressed astonishment that left-wingers should even "be allowed to speak and write as they like". Hoover and Ruch favoured deporting people merely for being members of radical organisations, and used the Bureau to spy on lawyers representing those arrested in the infamous Red Raids of One of them, on whom he was to keep tabs for half a century and deem "the most dangerous man in the United States", was future Supreme Court justice Felix Frankfurter.

Hoover never joined a political party and claimed he was "not political".

tolson and hoover relationship

In fact, he admitted privately, he was a staunch, lifelong supporter of the Republican party. He secretly aspired to be president and considered running against Franklin D Roosevelt, whom he thought suspiciously left-wing.

His agents slipped file material to the senator for use in his infamous inquisition, while publicly denying doing so. The favourable publicity Hoover enjoyed was partially deserved.

tolson and hoover relationship

One veteran defined the ideal new recruit as a man who had to represent "the great middle class", who "will always eat well and dress well, but will never get that sleek Packard or sumptuous house. He belongs to the Bureau body and soul".

Hoover brought modernity and co-ordination at a time of disorganisation. He built the first federal fingerprint bank, and his Identification Division would eventually offer instant access to the prints of million people. His Crime Laboratory became the most advanced in the world. While all this was positive, Hoover's Division 8, euphemistically entitled Crime Records and Communications, had a priority mission. Crime Records pumped out propaganda that fostered not only the image of the FBI as an organisation that spoke for what was right and just, but of the Director himself as a champion of justice fighting "moral deterioration" and "anarchist elements".

Hoover used the department to preach the notion that the political left was responsible for all manner of perceived evils, from changing sexual standards to delinquency. Crime Records portrayed Hoover as the dauntless scourge of serious crime. In the movie J Edgar, long sequences are devoted to his supposed role in tracking down the murderer of the aviator Charles Lindbergh's baby son.

In real life, while Hoover postured as the Sherlock who led the probe, the case was in fact broken thanks to work done by another federal agency. Hoover hogged the limelight when the thugs were killed or captured and was jealous and vindictive when it fell instead on one of his proteges.

Late in the Eastwood movie, his companion, Clyde Tolson, peruses a memoir Hoover has just completed about his life and career. Then, reproachfully, he remarks that the account is a pack of lies. There was no real-life memoir, but the line is perceptive. Issues of fact versus fabrication and distortion, truth versus outright lie or self-delusion, dominate Hoover's story. Hoover's public position on race, Southerner that he was, was that of the paternalistic white nativist. Less openly, he was racially prejudiced.

He shrugged off the miseries of black Americans, preferring to claim they were outside his jurisdiction. Copied to Clipboard J. Edgar Hoover and Clyde Tolson were nearly inseparable, for decades.

tolson and hoover relationship

InTolson had a stroke, leaving him rather weak. The following year, he received a gold medal for distinguished federal civilian service. During the ceremony, President Lyndon B.

Johnson described Tolson, saying he "has been a vital force in raising the proficiency of law enforcement at all levels". ByTolson was too old for duty and well past retirement age. One day later, L. Patrick Gray was appointed by President Richard Nixon. Two weeks after that, Tolson left the FBI; he died April 14, due to complications from diabetes, at the age of During their lives, J. Edgar and Clyde spent an inordinate amount of time together.