Means of reducing and controlling weld distortion are described, covering b) tack weld one end, then use back-step technique for tacking the rest of the joint. It is a weld progression utilized to minimize distortion. Backstep welding is a technique to avoid distortion while welding on thin sheets. This technique involves a continual stalling of the forward travel motion by traveling backwards slightly, into the previous deposited weld. This technique has two.

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As a matter of fact there are many problems that can occur as you weld, and this is covered here. But this method must be used with care. Anticipate the shrinkage forces Presetting bzckstep at first glance, I thought that this was referring to overhead or vertical welding positions, which is not the case before welding can make shrinkage perform constructive work.

Balance welds around the neutral axis This practice, shown in Fig.

A weld with approximately the same size produced with a process operating at amp, 35 volts, trchnique 8 ipm requires 81, joules per linear inch. In general, it is desirable to finish the weld quickly, before a large volume of surrounding metal heats up and expands.

Back stepping may not be effective in all applications, and it cannot be used economically in automatic welding. Water-Cooled Jig Various techniques have been developed to control distortion on specific weldments. Do not overweld Control fitup Use intermittent welds where possible and consistent with design requirements Use the smallest leg size permissible when fillet welding For groove welds, use joints that will minimize the volume of weld metal.


This does not occur, however, since the strain unit contraction from this stress is very low compared to the amount of movement that would occur if no restraint were used during welding. Several assemblies, preset in this manner, are shown in Fig.

What is back stepping your weld?

At this point, the weld stretches or yields and thins out, thus adjusting to the volume requirements of the lower temperature. An intermittent weld is where you make a weld for two, three, or four inches, skip a the same distance you welded and then weld again or skip to the middle of your joint and weld.

As the metal cools to room temperature it contracts uniformly to its original dimensions. If the restraints clamps that hold the workpiece, or an opposing shrinkage force are removed, the residual stresses are partially relieved as they cause the base metal to move, thus distorting the weldment. In a hobbiest terms.

It’s used when you make two or more welds on the same seam. But as the heat moves out across the plate to C, expansion along outer edges CD brings the plates back together. And for a PDF full letter size version click here.

Weld Distortion

And if you have are too fast you may not have enough heat input. There are no problems.

Doing all welding on one side of a part will cause much more distortion than if the welds are alternated from one side to the other. To minimize distortion, many different techniques are implemented and one such technique majorly for thin sheet welding is back-step welding. Plan the welding sequence A well-planned welding sequence involves placing weld metal at different points of the assembly so that, as the structure shrinks in one place, it counteracts the shrinkage forces of welds already made.


Thermal Stress Relieving Except in special situations, stress relief by heating is not used for correcting distortion.

Back step welding

Gamble, See the provided link. The use of mechanized welding equipment reduces welding time and the amount of metal affected by heat and, consequently, distortion. With successive beads, the plates expand less and less because of the restraint of prior welds.

In general, if distortion is not a problem, select the most economical joint. The restraint of the clamps also helps minimize distortion. Basically, a tack weld is used to maintain stability of your metal as you weld.

Essentially, peening the bead stretches it and makes it thinner, thus relieving by plastic deformation the stresses induced by bacsktep as the metal cools.

Sometimes two identical weldments are clamped back to back, welded, and then stress-relieved while being held in this straight condition. In other words you use this when you are layering welds. But one of the main culprits is heat input.

Weld Distortion

Welding techniques were developed over time in order to avoid problematic welds and defects and improve your skills. Good welding technique at a fast pace will lessen or even eliminate distortion, burn through, cracking, and other etchnique. But if the steel bar is restrained -as in a vise – while it is heated, as shown in Fig.