Calliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (Meisn.) Barneby Anneslia confusa ( Sprague & Riley) Britton & Rose Calliandra similis Sprague & Riley Anneslia similis. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small, thornless, often multistemmed shrub. Under optimum conditions it can attain a height of 12 m and a. Common Name: Red Calliandra. Calliandra calothyrsus. Often grown as a fuelwood crop and as an ornamental, it has escaped from cultivation and invaded .

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It is calothgrsus that artificial drying makes the nutrients bound with tannins quite indigestible through modification of the chemical binding process.

Experience with Calliandra calothyrsus as a feed for livestock in Africa. Used as a pollen source for honey production and a host for the lac insect Laccifer lacca for shellac production. The nutritive value of the leguminous browse Calliandra calothyrsus and the role of tannins in ruminant feeds.

The names Calliandra confusa and Calliandra similis can be used synonymously. This QR Code is unique to this page.

It is native to the tropics of Central America where its typical habitat is wet tropical forests or seasonally dry forests with a dry season of four to seven months, when it may become deciduous. Calliandra is a valuable fodder for all classes of ruminants.

The editors could find no information on any biological control agents for this species. Calliandra firewood has a good calorific value and a low moisture content, thus requiring less calliiandra.


Calliandra grows well on a wide range cakothyrsus light textured, low fertility soils from acidic sandy soils to deep volcanic loams. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Protein content generally decreases and fibre content increases with the age of regrowth, due to a strong decrease in the leaf: Cattle direct grazing calliandra over a month period in Indonesia gained 0.

Calliandra calothyrsus Scientific name Calliandra calothyrsus Meissner Common name In the native range: It does not tolerate calothyrssus conditions, and does not grow well on poorly drained calcareous soils.

Farmers’ perception and use of planted Calliandra calothyrsus fallow in southern Cameroon. Effect of various drying temperatures on the nutrient digestibility of calliandra in rabbits. Total phenolic,hydrolysable and condensed tannins in Calliandra calothyrsus masured in different studies.

In situ degradability of organic matter, crude protein and cell wall calliwndra various tree forages.

Fact sheet – Calliandra calothyrsus

Naturally well suited to the light-textured slightly acidic soils of volcanic origin. Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan, 15 1: The precise management measures adopted for any plant invasion will depend upon factors such as the terrain, the cost and availability of labour, the severity of the infestation and the presence of other invasive species.

It can negatively impact upon biodiversity by displacing native species. Harvesting between 2 and 4 months resulted in both high biomass and a high nutritive value Kabi et al.

Nutritional and anti-nutritional characters and rumen degradability of dry matter and nitrogen for some multipurpose tree species with potential for agroforestry in Zimbabwe. In mountainous areas of Indonesia, calliandra could be aerially seeded, making possible the afforestation of inaccessible areas Palmer et al. Tropical Grasslands 26, pp. If prevention is no longer possible, it is best to treat the weed infestations when they are small to prevent them from establishing early detection and rapid response.


It can grow in many different kind of soils, including acids soils to pH 5. Please view the copyright link for more information. Calliandra calothyrsus is being used in a number of agroforestry applications throughout the tropics Baggio and Heuveldop Generally used to improve the utilisation of low quality grasses or as a replacement for concentrate feeds.

Only minor damages are caused by pests on Calliandra calothyrsus. Sustainable animal production and the environment. Widely distributed to exotic locations.

Flowers are in umbelliform umbrella-like clusters outer whorl of sepals of cm length. Hot water treatment can be used but there is a risk of killing seed through excessive exposure to high temperature.

Calliandra calothyrsus

Factors affecting bioethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass Calliandra calothyrsus. It is easily grown from seed; growth is slow at first but speeds up after the first year. It yields high amounts of biomass and has been recommended for green manure in areas of low fertility.