Bruderhof Communities - Wikipedia
National Geographic Channel CEO David Lyle said Wednesday an apology Meet The Hutterites" was supposed to be a National Geographic. Meet the Hutterites--a small religious colony in rural Montana who holds desperately Jeff Collins, a schlock reality TV producer, used the National Geographic. According to Wikipedia anyway, the Hutterites aren't really big on photos. . There's a pretty fascinating reality show on the National Geographic channel show American Colony: Meet the Hutterites, a collection of Hutterite.
Out shopping, you find similar scenarios. The women are always wearing their headscarves and under the watch of one or two men who carry the wallets. The women seem happy enough, but you never quite shake the feeling that between the prescribed adornments and the watchful eye of the men that they while they aren't exactly oppressed, they aren't as free as they should be either. Finally, when our son needed some bloodwork and testing at the childrens hospital in the last year, we were sent to the genetics area since the lab was not that busy at the time.
I know that the gene pool is fairly small here, and marriage within the colony is the norm. It never occurred to me before then, but genetic issues are surely becoming problematic. Having said that, once you know people on the colony, you'll never find a better source of amazing poultry for thanksgiving and hardwood for your woodshop. My grandad never stops talking about how much better the orange cheese sauce and 32oz sodas were in his day.
My main negative experience is one I was warned of, but thought it was based in bigotry, until I got first-hand experience, that one of the local farms are big shoplifters. Working at a big-box office store, one gentleman walked out the doors and set off the alarms.
He pulled a printer cartridge out of his pocket, then was out the door before the nearby worker could reset the alarm, which after the fact I remembered is a trick people use to steal the stuff still in their other pockets.
For as often as I know they shop in town, acting like they don't know how retail stores work gave off a creepy vibe. For being only a week on the job, unhappy and underpaid, it wasn't worth confronting a religious group about ten dollars or possible shoplifting, which I suppose is what they count on.
On the other hand, the Hutterite county near my Grandpa's farm not the same one as above is my Grandpa's best friend. My grandparents buy a lot of meat from them, and when Grandpa is restoring his old tractors, the Hutterites -- who use tractors, but nothing younger than 30 or 40 years old -- have the skills, eyesight, experience, and tools to do specialized work that Grandpa can't do anymore.
That farm was one we toured once during school, and even then, in the mids, they had a phone and television, but we were told it was for emergencies and keeping track of dangerous weather and not for entertainment. Of course, we're all waiting for the Regional Junior Kabaddi Champion '94 to chip in Well, there is a huge difference between passively watching TV and communicating with each other electronically.
Texting other members of the 'community' is still within the community. On the one hand you have the younger members texting and even using Facebook to find a boy from outside the colony! They mostly kept to themselves, but they were all really nice people as I recollect I would love more details about this but initial Google queries tell me nothing.
I'm not so lazy that I won't look elsewhere eventually but have been busy. From one of the links in the FPP: This week has been weirdly pivotal in Hutterite history. In response to the airing of the National Geographic reality television show American Colony: Meet the Hutterites, a collection of Hutterite bishops released their first ever press release.
The religious leaders said the show was contrived and portrayed them negatively and inaccurately. It featuring the devotees drinking, swearing and arguing. They are so hurt and betrayed by the way they've been depicted," said Mary-Ann Kirkby, who left a colony with her family in the s and has since wrote a memoir about growing up Hutterite.
They were promised the National Geographic treatment and instead received some foolish, scripted Hollywood treatment that has no relationship to our actual life," the Saskatchewanian said.
I intended to buy some carrots and I ended up walking away with not only a bag of carrots but also: I recently got off on a tangent that led to this lovable school website from there to Hutterites in general. How weird that it comes up again like this two days later. It's interesting that Hutterite children are taught almost exclusively by non-Hutterite teachers.
Is that my imagination? The photograph of women together outside a house, in the long dresses and skirts, makes it look like they're almost wearing school uniform - I can picture the single pattern making the rounds of the houses of women needing new outfits, or perhaps there is a community seamstress who scales it up or down.
I am Mennonite and also spent my high school years working weekends at various Hutterite colonies in the area. What I saw on the colonies was, for the most part, not a very good example of the cultural ideas I believe he is referring too. And the shoplifting thing, yeah, just a bit. I've been watching the series, as well as the other National Geographic show Amish: Then I read this.
I have no idea how true to life the novel is, but it definitely sheds a different light on some of the traditions. In case we think they sell chicken wings on the side? Thanks for linking them. Well, yeah, but it still seemed kind of weird that she basically "used car salesman-ed" me in order to sell a pie. They actually do sell chicken wings on the side. Damn good ones, in fact--I worked in a restaurant years ago that bought whole chickens from a local Hutterite colony, and the wings on 'em were easily twice the size of the Cargill-sourced wings we usually got, and more than twice as tasty.
If that's what you wish for yourself, surely you can abandon your accoutrements of consumer culture and spend your free time working on a public garden or community farm, or clearing ivy from a public park, or whatever else strikes your fancy, leading others by your meek and humble example. If you are wishing that upon others, it seems more than a little presumptuous to think that obesity is just a matter of not having a Hutterite's discipline and work ethic.
Speck in your brother's eye, etc. For myself, I have plenty of distant relatives in Eastern Europe who farm or grow or keep things, live in forests, fields, and swamps, eat plenty of rough, fat food, and die of heart disease in their early 60s.
I admit to only knowing Hutterites from reading and watching Nat Geo and traveling through Montana, but I grew up around plenty of Anabaptists in the Midwest. My dad and sister were what we call a "Yoder Toters", that is, they drive Old Order people on errands that their horses can't get to and I have been "friends" with a few.
Amish,Mennonite and Brethren there have some fairly heavy problems in their communities, including spousal and child abuse, alcoholism and drug use. They are totally patriarchal communities and children are put to fairly hard and dangerous farm and shop work at an early age.
Forget education beyond 8th grade. And if you decide to differ from the rule, shunning is pretty complete. The Jack Amish, those who leave the communityoften end up pretty lost out in the English world. I know that 'reality' shows are often anything but, but you can't film people drinking, swearing and arguing unless it's actually happening. It's not inaccurate to show it, it's just not the appearance they'd like to present to the world.
I remember reading a quote from a Hutterite bishop admitting that they operated on a form of religious communism. There is also another dark side to the Hutterites many of whom are much less liberal and modern than those portrayed in the photos. Despite their extreme conservatism, they are notorious for getting drunk whenever they go off the farm for business purposes. Apparently, they can't indulge in vices fast enough. I guess all that repression will do that to you The rampant negative stereotyping of "them" in this thread is easily worse.
I think that it's a dialect thing. Most non-Hutterites around here pronounce it the latter way. That the Hutterites themselves use the former is likely more to do with their unique German dialect and the resultant accent with which many of them speak English than with one necessarily being more correct than the other.
Then again, I may be way off base. For "significant" decisions the council will first vote and, if passed, the decision will be carried to the voting membership. This structure has resulted in a democratic culture in most colonies. Officials not following the democratically selected decisions can be removed by a similar vote of a colony. There is a wide range of leadership cultures and styles between the three main colony varieties. In some cases very dominant ministers or secretaries may hold greater sway over some colonies than others.
However, the general prevailing culture in most colonies is strongly democratic. Women and children hold no formal vote in decision-making power in a colony. They often hold influence on decision-making through the informal processes of a colony's social framework. Overarching all internal governance processes within a single colony is the broader "Bishop" structure of leaders from across a "branch" Lehrer- Darius- or Schmiedeleut such that all colonies within each branch are subject to the broader decision-making of that branch's "Bishop" council.
A minister of a colony who does not ensure his colony follows broader "Bishop" council decisions can be removed from his position.
Hutterites - Wikipedia
Community ownership[ edit ] Hutterites practice a near-total community of goods: This practice is based largely on Hutterite interpretation of passages in chapters 2, 4, and 5 of Actswhich speak of the believers "having all things in common".
Thus the colony owns and operates its buildings and equipment like a corporation. Housing units are built and assigned to individual families but belong to the colony and there is very little personal property.
Lunch and dinner meals are taken by the entire colony in a dining or fellowship room. Men and women sit in a segregated fashion. Special occasions sometimes allow entire families to enjoy meals together. Individual housing units do have kitchens which are used for breakfast meals. Daughter colonies[ edit ] New colony Each colony may consist of about 10 to 20 families may not always applywith a population of around 60 to When the colony's population grows near the upper limit and its leadership determines that branching off is economically and spiritually necessary, they locate, purchase land for, and build a "daughter" colony.
The process by which a colony splits to create a new daughter colony varies across the branches of colonies. In Lehrerleut, this process is quite structured, while in Darius and Schmiedeleut the process can be somewhat less structured. In a Lehrerleut colony, the land will be purchased and buildings actually constructed before anyone in the colony knows who will be relocating to the daughter colony location.
The final decision as to who leaves and who stays will not be made until everything is ready at the new location. During the construction process, the colony leadership splits the colony up as evenly as possible, creating two separate groups of families. The two groups are made as close as possible to equal in size, taking into account the practical limits of family unit sizes in each group.
Additionally, the leadership must split the business operations as evenly as possible. This means deciding which colony might take on, for example, either hog farming or dairy.
Colony members are given a chance to voice concerns about which group a family is assigned to, but at some point, a final decision is made. This process can be very difficult and stressful for a colony, as many political and family dynamics become topics of discussion, and not everyone will be happy about the process or its results.
The minister will pray, asking for God's choice of the paper drawn from the hat, and will draw one piece of paper. The name drawn will indicate which group is leaving for the daughter colony.
Within hours, the daughter colony begins the process of settling a brand new site. Agriculture and manufacturing[ edit ] Hutterite colony in Martinsdale, Montana with an array of reconditioned Nordtank wind turbines Hutterite colonies often own large tracts of land and, since they function as a collective unit, can make or afford higher quality equipment than if they were working alone.
An increasing number of Hutterite colonies are again venturing into the manufacturing sector, a change that is reminiscent of an early period of Hutterite life in Europe. Before the Hutterites emigrated to North America, they relied on manufacturing to sustain their communities.
It was only in Russia that the Hutterites learned to farm from the Mennonites. Because of the increasing automation of farming large equipment, GPS-controlled seeding, spraying, etc. Many colonies that have gone into manufacturing believe they need to provide their members with a higher level of education.
The splitting process requires the purchase of land and the construction of buildings. This massive cash requirement has forced leadership to re-evaluate how a colony can produce the necessary funds. New projects have included plastics manufacturing, metal fabrication, cabinetry, and stone or granite forming, to name a few. One unique project came together in South Dakota. A group of 44 colonies joined to create a turkey processing center where their poultry can be processed.
The plant hired non-Hutterite staff to process the poultry for market. This plant helped to secure demand for the colonies' poultry. They attempt to remove themselves from the outside world televisions — and in some cases the internet — are bannedand up until recently, many of the Lehrerleut and Dariusleut Alberta colonies still only had one central phone.
The Schmiedeleut had made this transition earlier, where each household had a telephone along with a central phone for the colony business operation. Phones are used for both business and social purposes. Cell phones are also very common among all three groups today. Text messaging has made cell phones particularly useful for Hutterian young people wishing to keep in touch with their peers. Most Hutterite homes have computers and radios; a minority of communities mostly, liberal Schmiedeleut colonies have Internet access.
Farming equipment technology generally matches or exceeds that of non-Hutterite farmers. Lehrerleut colonies have recently struggled with the proliferation of computers and have clamped down so that computers are no longer allowed in households and their use is limited to only business and farming operations including animal, feed and crop management.
But as the world evolves more and technology is used more and more for work and communication, many Hutterite young people use computers, photos, and the internet for keeping in contact with their friends, relatives and meeting new people outside the colony.
The school is typically run by a hired "outside" teacher who teaches the basics including English. In some Schmiedeleut schools, teachers are chosen from the colony. The "German" education of colony children is the responsibility of the "Assistant Minister" at some colonies, but most colonies elect a "German Teacher", who in most cases also takes care of the colony garden.
The German Teacher will cooperate with the outside teacher with regard to scheduling and planning. Some Hutterite colonies are allowed to send their children to public school as the parents see fit, but in some cases it is customary to remove them from school entirely in 8th grade or at the age of 15; however, many colonies offer them a full grade 12 diploma and in some cases a university degree. Public school in these instances is seen as a luxury and children are sometimes made to miss days of school in favor of duties at the colony.
In a few rare cases, allowing a child to continue attending school past this limit can result in punishment of the parents, including shunning and removal from the church. Though all three "leut" are Hutterites, there are some distinctive differences, including style of dress and organizational structure.
American Colony: Meet the Hutterites
The differences are mostly traditional and geographic. There are two other related groups. The Arnoldleut—also referred to as the Bruderhof Communities or currently, Church Communities International  —is a group of more recent origin which, prior towere accepted by the Dariusleut and Lehrerleut groups as a part of the Hutterite community. The Schmiedeleut were divided over the issue. One group is called the 'oilers', because of an issue over an oil well.
The other is the Prairieleut — Hutterites that lived in separate households rather than in colonies after settling on the American prairies.
Most of the Prairieleut eventually united with the Mennonites. This highly acrimonious division has cut across family lines and remains a serious matter almost two decades later. Group One colonies generally have relatively more liberal positions on issues including higher education, ecumenical and missions work, musical instruments, media, and technology.
Photography[ edit ] Alberta Hutterites initially won the right not to have their photographs taken for their drivers' licenses. In Maythe Alberta Court of Appeal ruled that the photograph requirement violates their religious rights and that driving was essential to their way of life.
Hutterian Brethren of Wilson Colony that a Hutterite community must abide by provincial rules that make a digital photo mandatory for all new driver's licenses as a way to prevent identity theft. In particular, from —, Chicago photographer Mary Koga went to rural Alberta to work on her series The Hutterites.
Her images show the members of the community with great openness, sympathy and a touch of humor. In contrast to the uniformly plain look of the Amish and Old Order Mennonites, Hutterite clothing can be vividly colored, especially on children, although many Hutterites do wear plain dress. Shoes were homemade in the past but are now mostly store-bought. Men's jackets and pants are usually black.
Generally the men's shirts are button-up shirts with long sleeves and collars, and they may wear undershirts. Men's pants are not held in place by belts, but rather by black suspenders. These pants are also distinctive by their lack of back pockets. Women and girls wear a dress with a blouse underneath. Most Lehrerleut and Dariusleut also wear a kerchief-style Christian headcovering which is usually black with white polka dots.
The Schmiedleut also wear a kerchief-style head cover, but without the dots. The polka dots tells which branch the women belong to. Young girls wear a bright, colorful cap that fastens under the chin.