Bangladesh–India relations - Wikipedia
Formerly known as East Pakistan following the British partition of India, the People's Republic of Bangladesh came into existence in The first container train to Bangladesh consisting of 30 wagons, will carry flags off trial run of first container train between India and Bangladesh bilateral trade and will lead to further accelerating economic activity peace. The projects include India-Bangladesh Friendship Pipeline and PM Modi terms India-China relations as factor of stability in world Eight agreements signed after high level bilateral talks between PM Modi, Lee Hsien.India, Bangladesh troops exchange sweets on Republic Day
The two countries developed different Cold War alliances in the s, which further chilled bilateral relations. The historic Ganges Water Sharing Treaty was concluded in India and Bangladesh are close strategic partners in counter-terrorism. They are also the largest trading partners in South Asia. Bangladesh insists that it does not receive a fair share of the Ganges waters during the drier seasons, and gets flooded during the monsoons when India releases excess waters.
See also Sharing of Ganges Waters.
India-Bangladesh Relations | My India
There have also been disputes regarding the transfer of Teen Bigha Corridor to Bangladesh. Part of Bangladesh is surrounded by the Indian state of West Bengal. On 26 JuneIndia leased three bigha land to Bangladesh to connect this enclave with mainland Bangladesh. There was a dispute regarding the indefinite nature of the lease. The dispute was resolved by a mutual agreement between India and Bangladesh in Both Bangladesh and India made claims over the same seawater at the Bay of Bengal before settlement of the issue.
Deaths along the Bangladesh—India border Deaths of Bangladeshi citizens in the Indo-Bangladesh border became one of the embarrassments between the two nation's bilateral relations in recent years. Indian officials, vowing to cut down the number of casualties at border, showed statistics that the number of Bangladeshi deaths was in a steady decline in recent years.
Border police often shoots to kill any illegal immigrants crossing the border. Human Rights Watch estimates say 1, people were killed in the area between and by Indian border security force BSF.
In Septemberthe two countries signed a major accord on border demarcation to end the 4-decade old disputes over boundaries. This came to be known as the tin bigha corridor.
India also granted hour access to Bangladeshi citizens in the Tin Bigha Corridor. The agreement included exchange of adversely held enclaves, involving 51, people spread over Indian enclaves in Bangladesh and 51 Bangladesh enclaves in India. The total land involved is reportedly acres.
Bangladesh officials believe the export would greatly ease the national shortage once MW flows into the national grid. The two country's Prime Ministers also unveiled the plaque of the 1,MW coal-fired Rampal power plant, a joint venture between the two countries.
The ceremony which includes parades, march-past and lowering of the national flag of both the countries is now a daily routine, at sundown, on the eastern border. On 7 May the Indian Parliament, in the presence of Bangladeshi diplomats, unanimously passed the Land Boundary Agreement LBA as its th Constitutional amendment, thereby resolving all year old border disputes since the end of the British Raj.
Bangladesh Envoy: Dhaka, Delhi ties far beyond strategic partnership | Dhaka Tribune
The bill was pending ratification since the Mujib-Indira accords. In Juneduring her first official overseas visit, Foreign Minister of India, Sushma Swaraj concluded various agreements to boost ties.
Easing of Visa regime to provide 5 year multiple entry visas to minors below 13 and elderly above India is aware that it is historically, socially, culturally and economically linked with Bangladesh.
It is difficult for any country to replace this kind of relationship only with money power. India has now wisely decided to depend less on money power and more on quality of engagement with its South Asian neighbours. India supported Bangladesh during its Liberation War in However this contribution was not fully appreciated as the politics of Bangladesh took a different turn in after the murder of its founding father Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Now in the changed circumstances, as India and Bangladesh come closer, both sides have decided to give due to attention to this legacy of the Liberation War.
A Hindi version of his unfinished biography was also released. Both sides have also decided to jointly make a documentary of the Liberation War and a movie on Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Bangladesh has also decided to honour Indian soldiers who were killed during its Liberation War and has created a fund for this purpose. Prime Minister Modi announced that India would offer free medical treatment to freedom fighters of the Bangladesh Liberation War and scholarships to their children.
These will include 17 projects, including the upgradation of Payra, Chittagong and Mongla ports, and airports, highways, roads and rail links. Both sides also signed four defence Memorandums of Understanding MoUs.
India and Bangladesh: Towards a fraternal relationship
The four MoUs were part of 22 agreements signed. The relationship has intensified in the area of energy cooperation. India has decided to give additional 60 MW of power to Bangladesh from Tripura.
It already supplies Mw electricity to Bangladesh. Another 1, MW will be offered to Bangladesh once additional interconnection points come up.
India also plans high speed diesel pipeline to Bangladesh. It will run from Numaligarh in Assam to Parbatipur in northern Bangladesh.