How Obesity Relates to Socioeconomic Status – Population Reference Bureau
The relationship between income and obesity is tricky. And according to a new paper from Alexander Bentley and colleagues, the relationship. Relationship Between Family Income and Obesity. Among African American Adults. Charles Dadzie Boison. Walden University. Follow this and additional works. It is well known that poorer Americans are more likely to be obese or suffer from diabetes; there is a strong negative correlation between.
The timing also fits with the generations exposed to high fructose corn syrup in foodstuffs and drinks, says Bentley, who is the lead author of a study in the journal Palgrave Communications.
Experts describe the unprecedented rise in obesity in recent history as the most rapid change ever seen in human physiology.
- Overweight and poor? On the relationship between income and the body mass index.
- A correlation between obesity and income has only developed in the past 30 years
- How Obesity Relates to Socioeconomic Status
Only a century ago, obesity was a phenomenon almost unknown to citizens of the US and other developed countries. In this study, Bentley and his colleagues analyzed data made available by the Centre of Disease Control and Prevention about obesity levels, leisure activities, income rates and incidences of diabetes. In most cases, this data was compiled for around US counties.
A correlation between obesity and income has only developed in the past 30 years
The researchers also drew on data collected by the Food Access Research Atlas project. These documented a person's access to vehicles and proximity to supermarkets and large grocery stores where they could buy affordable and nutritious food. The analysis shows that inwhen population-scale obesity rates in the US were about a third of what they are today, there was no link between income and obesity or diabetes. Bythere was a strong likelihood that obesity or diabetes would be typical in lower income households.
Relationship Between Poverty and Obesity
In states like Alabama, Mississippi and West Virginia, where the average household income was below 45, US dollars a year, 35 per cent of people were obese. In more affluent states such as Colorado, Massachusetts or California, where households earned on average 65 US dollars a year, one in four citizens was obese.
Recent research highlights the complexity and variation in how socioeconomic status SES and obesity are related. A study published in Social Science and Medicine used data for 67 countries representing all the regions of the world to examine how economic development, socioeconomic status, and obesity were related.
Overweight and poor? On the relationship between income and the body mass index.
In lower-income countries, people with higher SES were more likely to be obese. Conversely, in high-income countries, those with higher SES were less likely to be obese.
It may be that in lower-income countries, higher SES leads to consuming high-calorie food and avoiding physically tough tasks. But in higher-income countries, individuals with higher SES may respond with healthy eating and regular exercise.
But some developing countries, such as India, are facing continued high levels of malnutrition along with a rise in obesity.
A study published in the Sociology of Health and Illness examined how weight and lifestyle were related, using data from 17 nations mostly in Europe. On the other hand, people who participated in activities such as watching TV, attending sporting events, and shopping had higher BMI. These patterns were most consistent in high-income nations such as those in western Europe.